Quantitating the Subtleties of Microglial Morphology with Fractal Analysis

Audrey Karperien, Helmut Ahammer, Herbert Jelinek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

192 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

It is well established that microglial form and function are inextricably linked. In recent years, the traditional view that microglial form ranges between "ramified resting" and "activated amoeboid" has been emphasized through advancing imaging techniques that point to microglial form being highly dynamic even within the currently accepted morphological categories. Moreover, microglia adopt meaningful intermediate forms between categories, with considerable crossover in function and varying morphologies as they cycle, migrate, wave, phagocytose, and extend and retract fine and gross processes. From a quantitative perspective, it is problematic to measure such variability using traditional methods, but one way of quantitating such detail is through fractal analysis. The techniques of fractal analysis have been used for quantitating microglial morphology, to categorize gross differences but also to differentiate subtle differences (e.g., amongst ramified cells). Multifractal analysis in particular is one technique of fractal analysis that may be useful for identifying intermediate forms. Here we review current trends and methods of fractal analysis, focusing on box counting analysis, including lacunarity and multifractal analysis, as applied to microglial morphology
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalFrontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

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