Ramsar convention on wetlands: Scope and implementation

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7 Citations (Scopus)


The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is the longest established of the modern global intergovernmental environmental agreements (often known as multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs)). The text of the Convention was opened for signature in the town of Ramsar, Islamic Republic of Iran, on 2 February 1971. The Convention was developed in the 1960s as a response to increasing concerns about accelerating conversion and destruction of wetlands and the impact of this on both people and biodiversity, especially waterbirds. The Convention's aim is to "stem the progressive encroachment on and loss of wetlands now and in the future," and it expresses its Contracting Parties' confidence "that the conservation of wetlands and their flora and fauna can be ensured by combining far-sighted national policies with coordinated international action." The Convention is implemented through the three "pillars" of its strategic plan: The wise use of all wetlands, the designation and management of Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar sites), and inter-national cooperation -including on shared wetlands, river basins, and populations of migratory waterbirds. The 45-year growth of the Convention is outlined, as are the Convention's bodies and their roles and the extensive suite of the Convention's formally adopted technical implementation guidelines.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Wetland Book I :
Subtitle of host publicationStructure and function, management, and methods
EditorsC. Max Finlayson, Mark Everard, Kenneth Irvine, Robert J. McInnes, Beth A. Middleton, Anne A. van Dam, Nick C. Davidson
Place of PublicationNetherlands
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9789048196593
ISBN (Print)9789400714717, 9789048134939
Publication statusPublished - 16 May 2018


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