Following the Rwandan genocide in April 1994, a million Hutus, including theInterahamwe soldiers (extremist youth wing of the Hutu militia and responsiblefor the majority of murders in the Rwandan genocide), escaped into what wasthen Zaire but is now known as DRC (Lewis, 2008; McGreal, 2008, May 15).War was officially declared against the Congolese people in 1996. However,militant Hutus are not the only Rwandan group to wage war on DRC civilians.In more recent years, Laurent Nkunda, a Tutsi warlord, and his soldiers, allegedlyfearing that Hutu extremists might once again threaten Tutsis in Rwanda, wagedwar against the Interahamwe rebels and Congolese citizens in the North Kivuprovince of DRC. Reprisal attacks are common in the Kivu provinces, from multipleCongolese militia and rebel groups, including the infamous Mai Mai, andthe Congolese Government Army is unable to significantly reduce the murdersand torture against their citizens. Men from every known military group, andeven some members of the UN peacekeeping forces, are implicated by womenattending Maternal and Child Health clinics as perpetrators of sexual assault.
|Title of host publication||Global case studies in maternal and child health|
|Place of Publication||Burlington MA|
|Publisher||Jones and Bartlett Publishers|
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|