Rapid identification of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes by cpsB gene-based sequetyping combined with multiplex PCR

Meng Lan Zhou, Zi Ran Wang, Yan Bing Li, Timothy Kudinha, Jian Wang, Yao Wang, Meng Xiao, Ying Chun Xu, Zheng Yin Liu, Po Ren Hsueh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background/purpose: Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important human pathogen that causes invasive infections in adults and children. Accurate serotyping is important to study its epidemiological distribution and to assess vaccine efficacy. Methods: Invasive S. pneumoniae isolates (n = 300) from 27 teaching hospitals in China were studied. The Quellung reaction was used as the gold standard to identify the S. pneumoniae serotypes. Subsequently, multiplex PCR and cpsB gene-based sequetyping methods were used to identify the serotypes. Methods: Based on the Quellung reaction, 299 S. pneumoniae isolates were accurately identified to the serotype level and 40 different serotypes were detected. Only one strain was non-typeable, and five most common serotypes were identified: 23F (43, 14.3%), 19A (41, 13.7%), 19F (41, 13.7%), 3 (31, 10.3%), and 14 (27, 9.0%). Overall, the multiplex PCR method identified 73.3 and 20.7% of the isolates to the serotype and cluster levels, respectively, with 1.7% of the isolates misidentified. In contrast, the cpsB sequetyping method identified 59.0 and 30.3% of the isolates to the serotype and cluster levels, respectively, and 7% were misidentified. Conclusions: The cpsB gene sequetyping method combined with multiplex PCR, can greatly improve the accuracy and efficiency of serotyping, besides reducing the associated costs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021

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