As being one of the main representation formats of 3D real world and well-suited for virtual reality and augmented reality applications, point clouds have gained a lot of popularity. In order to reduce the huge amount of data, a considerable amount of research on point cloud compression has been done. However, given a target bit rate, how to properly choose the color and geometry quantization parameters for compressing point clouds is still an open issue. In this paper, we propose a rate-distortion model based quantization parameter selection scheme for bit rate constrained point cloud compression. Firstly, to overcome the measurement uncertainty in evaluating the distortion of the point clouds, we propose a unified model to combine the geometry distortion and color distortion. In this model, we take into account the correlation between geometry and color variables of point clouds and derive a dimensionless quantity to represent the overall quality degradation. Then, we derive the relationships of overall distortion and bit rate with the quantization parameters. Finally, we formulate the bit rate constrained point cloud compression as a constrained minimization problem using the derived polynomial models and deduce the solution via an iterative numerical method. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm can achieve optimal decoded point cloud quality at various target bit rates, and substantially outperform the <italic>video-rate-distortion model</italic> based point cloud compression scheme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2424 - 2438
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2022


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