Rationalising water management policies: Tube well development and resource use sustainability in Balochistan region of Pakistan

Syed Khair, Richard Culas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The groundwater driven agricultural production is increasingly under threat due to rapidly depleting groundwater table in upland Balochistan region of Pakistan. Both government and water users can be blamed for the foreseen disaster. The government's policy for groundwater development following over estimation of groundwater reserves and the water user's inefficient usage are the main reasons for declining watertables. To examine the effect of groundwater related policies and other factors on the watertables decline during the past 40 years, time series data analysis technique ARIMA model was used. Results showed that the groundwater decline has been encouraged by government policies for tubewell development and power subsidy. The ratio of tubewell area to total area also showed highly significant effect on the watertable decline. The paper critically reviews groundwater marketing and governance system of advance countries such as USA and Australia to generate relevant findings for sustainable groundwater management in upland Balochistan.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-316
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Water
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

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resource use
government policy
water management
Pakistan
sustainability
well
water
groundwater
time series analysis
agricultural production
resources
subsidy
disaster
data analysis
marketing
threat
governance
management
upland region
policy

Cite this

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abstract = "The groundwater driven agricultural production is increasingly under threat due to rapidly depleting groundwater table in upland Balochistan region of Pakistan. Both government and water users can be blamed for the foreseen disaster. The government's policy for groundwater development following over estimation of groundwater reserves and the water user's inefficient usage are the main reasons for declining watertables. To examine the effect of groundwater related policies and other factors on the watertables decline during the past 40 years, time series data analysis technique ARIMA model was used. Results showed that the groundwater decline has been encouraged by government policies for tubewell development and power subsidy. The ratio of tubewell area to total area also showed highly significant effect on the watertable decline. The paper critically reviews groundwater marketing and governance system of advance countries such as USA and Australia to generate relevant findings for sustainable groundwater management in upland Balochistan.",
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AU - Khair, Syed

AU - Culas, Richard

N1 - Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = October, 2013; Journal title (773t) = International Journal of Water. ISSNs: 1465-6620;

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AB - The groundwater driven agricultural production is increasingly under threat due to rapidly depleting groundwater table in upland Balochistan region of Pakistan. Both government and water users can be blamed for the foreseen disaster. The government's policy for groundwater development following over estimation of groundwater reserves and the water user's inefficient usage are the main reasons for declining watertables. To examine the effect of groundwater related policies and other factors on the watertables decline during the past 40 years, time series data analysis technique ARIMA model was used. Results showed that the groundwater decline has been encouraged by government policies for tubewell development and power subsidy. The ratio of tubewell area to total area also showed highly significant effect on the watertable decline. The paper critically reviews groundwater marketing and governance system of advance countries such as USA and Australia to generate relevant findings for sustainable groundwater management in upland Balochistan.

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KW - Governance

KW - Groundwater

KW - Hydrological basin

KW - Management

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