Realisation of grammatical morphemes by children with phonological impairment

Charlotte Howland, Elise Baker, Natalie Munro, Sharynne McLeod

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this research was to explore how preschool-aged children with phonological impairment (PI) realise grammatical morphemes across different phonological contexts (i.e. singleton consonant, consonant cluster, syllable), conditions of finiteness and individual morpheme types. Factors accounting for children’s realisation of grammatical morphemes were also examined. Eighty-seven Australian English-speaking preschoolers (aged 4–5 years) with PI completed the Children’s Assessment of Morphophonology (CHAMP)—an elicited response task—in addition to standardised tests of speech and receptive language. The most challenging grammatical morphemes were finite morphemes (particularly past tense) and grammatical morphemes realised in consonant clusters. The ability to produce consonant clusters in single words significantly accounted for children’s ability to realise grammatical morphemes, regardless of whether grammatical morphemes were realised in singleton, consonant cluster or syllable contexts. Realisation of grammatical morphemes by preschoolers with PI is influenced by phonological and morphological factors. The findings have implications regarding the assessment and differential diagnosis of preschoolers with concomitant phonological and language difficulties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-41
Number of pages22
JournalClinical Linguistics and Phonetics
Issue number1-2
Early online date12 Sept 2018
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Grant Number

  • DP130102545


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