Reautonomising

Shaping the Passage of Parole

Susanne Frost

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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Abstract

 When prisoners are released to the community on parole, they enter a controlled and contingent passage of their lives which affords them conditional citizen status until their sentence expires. Parole in New South Wales (NSW), Australia has two functions: to protect the public by monitoring parolees for compliance with court and parole orders, and to provide support for their community reintegration. Given that a large proportion of parolees return to prison for breaching their parole, an examination of their re-entry experience is warranted in light of the emphasis on risk management and its role in recidivism reduction. The assessment, calculation and management of the risk of recidivism in the offender population remain as the central organising features of the supervision of parolees in the community. The research aim was to explore the experiences of prisoners released to the community on parole and to explain how they managed ascribed risk in the first six months of re-entry. Fourteen parolees were interviewed in four regional NSW locations as they re-entered the community, and again approximately six months later. Data from twenty four in-depth interviews was analysed using the classic grounded theory method developed by Glaser & Strauss (1967) to discover the concern of the parolees and to develop a substantive theory explaining how they resolved their concern. As a result of the systematic analytical procedures of the grounded theory method, the central concern of the parolees to restore a felt sense of autonomy in their lives was conceptualised as reautonomising. The substantive theory of Reautonomising: Shaping the Passage of Parole explained the resolving behaviour of the participants as a pervasive basic social process which varied with conditions and changes over time. In this study, the process of reautonomising was defined by three discernible stages: orientating to the passage of parole, manoeuvring to optimise autonomy and sustaining autonomy. Each stage of the process involved the interaction of social-psychological and social-structural processes, thus shaping the way the participants in the study experienced their trajectory through the passage of parole. Although managing ascribed risk did not emerge as the main concern of the participants in the study, the behaviours employed by them in their attempts to reautonomise revealed how risks were perceived, situated and managed in the first six months of their time on parole.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Charles Sturt University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Jennett, Christine, Principal Supervisor
Award date22 Mar 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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parolee
occupational reintegration
autonomy
community
prisoner
grounded theory
reintegration
social process
risk management
correctional institution
supervision
offender
experience
monitoring
citizen
examination
interaction
interview
management

Cite this

Frost, Susanne. / Reautonomising : Shaping the Passage of Parole. 2018. 242 p.
@phdthesis{c6b20e2fedfb4891a4bf51c31891e918,
title = "Reautonomising: Shaping the Passage of Parole",
abstract = " When prisoners are released to the community on parole, they enter a controlled and contingent passage of their lives which affords them conditional citizen status until their sentence expires. Parole in New South Wales (NSW), Australia has two functions: to protect the public by monitoring parolees for compliance with court and parole orders, and to provide support for their community reintegration. Given that a large proportion of parolees return to prison for breaching their parole, an examination of their re-entry experience is warranted in light of the emphasis on risk management and its role in recidivism reduction. The assessment, calculation and management of the risk of recidivism in the offender population remain as the central organising features of the supervision of parolees in the community. The research aim was to explore the experiences of prisoners released to the community on parole and to explain how they managed ascribed risk in the first six months of re-entry. Fourteen parolees were interviewed in four regional NSW locations as they re-entered the community, and again approximately six months later. Data from twenty four in-depth interviews was analysed using the classic grounded theory method developed by Glaser & Strauss (1967) to discover the concern of the parolees and to develop a substantive theory explaining how they resolved their concern. As a result of the systematic analytical procedures of the grounded theory method, the central concern of the parolees to restore a felt sense of autonomy in their lives was conceptualised as reautonomising. The substantive theory of Reautonomising: Shaping the Passage of Parole explained the resolving behaviour of the participants as a pervasive basic social process which varied with conditions and changes over time. In this study, the process of reautonomising was defined by three discernible stages: orientating to the passage of parole, manoeuvring to optimise autonomy and sustaining autonomy. Each stage of the process involved the interaction of social-psychological and social-structural processes, thus shaping the way the participants in the study experienced their trajectory through the passage of parole. Although managing ascribed risk did not emerge as the main concern of the participants in the study, the behaviours employed by them in their attempts to reautonomise revealed how risks were perceived, situated and managed in the first six months of their time on parole.",
keywords = "Risk management, Criminal Justice System, parolees",
author = "Susanne Frost",
year = "2018",
language = "English",
school = "Charles Sturt University",

}

Frost, S 2018, 'Reautonomising: Shaping the Passage of Parole', Doctor of Philosophy, Charles Sturt University.

Reautonomising : Shaping the Passage of Parole. / Frost, Susanne.

2018. 242 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

TY - THES

T1 - Reautonomising

T2 - Shaping the Passage of Parole

AU - Frost, Susanne

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 -  When prisoners are released to the community on parole, they enter a controlled and contingent passage of their lives which affords them conditional citizen status until their sentence expires. Parole in New South Wales (NSW), Australia has two functions: to protect the public by monitoring parolees for compliance with court and parole orders, and to provide support for their community reintegration. Given that a large proportion of parolees return to prison for breaching their parole, an examination of their re-entry experience is warranted in light of the emphasis on risk management and its role in recidivism reduction. The assessment, calculation and management of the risk of recidivism in the offender population remain as the central organising features of the supervision of parolees in the community. The research aim was to explore the experiences of prisoners released to the community on parole and to explain how they managed ascribed risk in the first six months of re-entry. Fourteen parolees were interviewed in four regional NSW locations as they re-entered the community, and again approximately six months later. Data from twenty four in-depth interviews was analysed using the classic grounded theory method developed by Glaser & Strauss (1967) to discover the concern of the parolees and to develop a substantive theory explaining how they resolved their concern. As a result of the systematic analytical procedures of the grounded theory method, the central concern of the parolees to restore a felt sense of autonomy in their lives was conceptualised as reautonomising. The substantive theory of Reautonomising: Shaping the Passage of Parole explained the resolving behaviour of the participants as a pervasive basic social process which varied with conditions and changes over time. In this study, the process of reautonomising was defined by three discernible stages: orientating to the passage of parole, manoeuvring to optimise autonomy and sustaining autonomy. Each stage of the process involved the interaction of social-psychological and social-structural processes, thus shaping the way the participants in the study experienced their trajectory through the passage of parole. Although managing ascribed risk did not emerge as the main concern of the participants in the study, the behaviours employed by them in their attempts to reautonomise revealed how risks were perceived, situated and managed in the first six months of their time on parole.

AB -  When prisoners are released to the community on parole, they enter a controlled and contingent passage of their lives which affords them conditional citizen status until their sentence expires. Parole in New South Wales (NSW), Australia has two functions: to protect the public by monitoring parolees for compliance with court and parole orders, and to provide support for their community reintegration. Given that a large proportion of parolees return to prison for breaching their parole, an examination of their re-entry experience is warranted in light of the emphasis on risk management and its role in recidivism reduction. The assessment, calculation and management of the risk of recidivism in the offender population remain as the central organising features of the supervision of parolees in the community. The research aim was to explore the experiences of prisoners released to the community on parole and to explain how they managed ascribed risk in the first six months of re-entry. Fourteen parolees were interviewed in four regional NSW locations as they re-entered the community, and again approximately six months later. Data from twenty four in-depth interviews was analysed using the classic grounded theory method developed by Glaser & Strauss (1967) to discover the concern of the parolees and to develop a substantive theory explaining how they resolved their concern. As a result of the systematic analytical procedures of the grounded theory method, the central concern of the parolees to restore a felt sense of autonomy in their lives was conceptualised as reautonomising. The substantive theory of Reautonomising: Shaping the Passage of Parole explained the resolving behaviour of the participants as a pervasive basic social process which varied with conditions and changes over time. In this study, the process of reautonomising was defined by three discernible stages: orientating to the passage of parole, manoeuvring to optimise autonomy and sustaining autonomy. Each stage of the process involved the interaction of social-psychological and social-structural processes, thus shaping the way the participants in the study experienced their trajectory through the passage of parole. Although managing ascribed risk did not emerge as the main concern of the participants in the study, the behaviours employed by them in their attempts to reautonomise revealed how risks were perceived, situated and managed in the first six months of their time on parole.

KW - Risk management

KW - Criminal Justice System

KW - parolees

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

ER -