Recent advances in understanding the fatigue and wear behavior of dental composites and ceramics

Jamie J. Kruzic, Joseph A. Arsecularatne, Carina B. Tanaka, Mark J. Hoffman, Paulo F. Cesar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)


Dental composite and ceramic restorative materials are designed to closely mimic the aesthetics and function of natural tooth tissue, and their longevity in the oral environment depends to a large degree on their fatigue and wear properties. The purpose of this review is to highlight some recent advances in our understanding of fatigue and wear mechanisms, and how they contribute to restoration failures in the complex oral environment. Overall, fatigue and wear processes are found to be closely related, with wear of dental ceramic occlusal surfaces providing initiation sites for fatigue failures, and subsurface fatigue crack propagation driving key wear mechanisms for composites, ceramics, and enamel. Furthermore, both fatigue and wear of composite restorations may be important in enabling secondary caries formation, which is the leading cause of composite restoration failures. Overall, developing a mechanistic description of fatigue, wear, and secondary caries formation, along with understanding the interconnectivity of all three processes, are together seen as essential keys to successfully using in vitro studies to predict in vivo outcomes and develop improved dental restorative materials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)504-533
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of The Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018


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