Recovery of lung function, dominant handgrip strength, and health-related quality of life in cardiac surgical patients following hospital discharge

Nnamdi Mgbemena, Anne Jones, Pankaj Saxena, Nicholas Ang, Siva Senthuran, Anthony Leicht

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Abstract

Purpose: Assessment of recovery in post-cardiac surgical patients is commonly conducted using lung function, dominant handgrip strength (DHGS) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The aim of this study was to determine the recovery of lung function, DHGS and HRQoL in cardiac surgical patients at six-weeks and six-months after hospital discharge. Further, this study investigated the association between these parameters and the predictive ability of DHGS for lung function and HRQoL.
Methods: A prospective observational study that involved 58 cardiac surgical patients who completed lung function, DHGS and HRQoL assessments pre-operatively, at six-weeks and six-months after hospital discharge. Lung function was assessed using three different calibrated spirometers, while DHGS was measured using three different calibrated handgrip dynamometers. The Short-Form 36 questionnaire was utilized for HRQoL assessment.
Results: At six-weeks after hospital discharge, lung function and DHGS were significantly (pConclusion: Variable changes were identified in lung function, DHGS and HRQoL in cardiac surgical patients at six-weeks and six-months after hospital discharge. Dominant HGS may have limited or no value in predicting lung function and HRQoL in cardiac surgical patients during the intermediate recovery period.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5
Number of pages12
JournalThe Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2023

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