Relationship Between Visual and Nonvisual Solution Methods and Difficulty in Elementary Mathematics

Thomas Lowrie, Russell Kay

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    24 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The purposes of this study were (a) to identify differences in approaches used by students to solve mathematical word problems, (b) to determine the influence of visual and nonvisual methods on task success, and (c) to investigate whether methods employed to solve mathematical problems change as task complexity is reduced. One hundred and twelve Grade 6 students (11'13-year-olds) were required to solve 20 m at h e m atical pro blems and to identify the method or approach undertaken to complete the task. Results indicated that students typically used visual methods to solve difficult or novel problems, whereas nonvisual strategies were used in less difficult situations.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)248-256
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Educational Research
    Volume94
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2001

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