Relationships of feeding behaviors with average daily gain, dry matter intake, and residual feed intake in Red Angus-sired cattle

M Mcgee, CM Welch, JA Ramirez, GE Carstens, WJ Price, JB Hall, RA Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Feeding behavior has the potential to enhance prediction of feed intake and to improve understanding of the relationships between behavior, DMI, ADG, and residual feed intake (RFI) in beef cattle. Two cohorts, born in 2009 and 2010, the progeny of Red Angus bulls (n = 58 heifers and n = 53 steers), were evaluated during the growing phase, and the latter group of steers was also evaluated during the finishing phase. All behavior analyses were based on 7 feeding behavior traits (bunk visit frequency, bunk visit duration [BVDUR], feed bout frequency, feed bout duration, meal frequency, meal duration, and average meal intake) and their relationships with ADG, DMI, and RFI. During the growing phase, feeding duration traits were most indicative of DMI with positive correlations between BVDUR and DMI for cohort 1 steers, growing phase (n = 28, r = 0.52, P = 0.00); cohort 2 steers, growing phase (n = 25, r = 0.44, P = 0.01); and cohort 2 heifers, growing phase (n = 29, r = 0.28 P = 0.05). There were similar trends toward correlation of BVDUR and RFI for both steer groups and cohort 1 heifers, growing phase (C1HG; n = 29; r = 0.27, P = 0.06; r = 0.30, P = 0.07; and r = 0.26, P = 0.08, respectively). Feed bout frequency was correlated with ADG in C1HG and in cohort 2 steers, finishing phase (r = -0.31, P = 0.04, and r = 0.43, P = 0.01, respectively). Feed bout duration was correlated with ADG in heifer groups (r = 0.29 and r = 0.28, P = 0.05 for both groups) and DMI for all growing phase animals (r = 0.29 to 0.55, P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5214-5221
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Volume92
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Red Angus
Feeding Behavior
average daily gain
dry matter intake
feeding behavior
Meals
feed intake
duration
cattle
heifers
finishing
beef cattle
bulls
prediction

Cite this

Mcgee, M ; Welch, CM ; Ramirez, JA ; Carstens, GE ; Price, WJ ; Hall, JB ; Hill, RA. / Relationships of feeding behaviors with average daily gain, dry matter intake, and residual feed intake in Red Angus-sired cattle. In: Journal of Animal Science. 2014 ; Vol. 92, No. 11. pp. 5214-5221.
@article{18256b5d477444e899adc1f596439f8f,
title = "Relationships of feeding behaviors with average daily gain, dry matter intake, and residual feed intake in Red Angus-sired cattle",
abstract = "Feeding behavior has the potential to enhance prediction of feed intake and to improve understanding of the relationships between behavior, DMI, ADG, and residual feed intake (RFI) in beef cattle. Two cohorts, born in 2009 and 2010, the progeny of Red Angus bulls (n = 58 heifers and n = 53 steers), were evaluated during the growing phase, and the latter group of steers was also evaluated during the finishing phase. All behavior analyses were based on 7 feeding behavior traits (bunk visit frequency, bunk visit duration [BVDUR], feed bout frequency, feed bout duration, meal frequency, meal duration, and average meal intake) and their relationships with ADG, DMI, and RFI. During the growing phase, feeding duration traits were most indicative of DMI with positive correlations between BVDUR and DMI for cohort 1 steers, growing phase (n = 28, r = 0.52, P = 0.00); cohort 2 steers, growing phase (n = 25, r = 0.44, P = 0.01); and cohort 2 heifers, growing phase (n = 29, r = 0.28 P = 0.05). There were similar trends toward correlation of BVDUR and RFI for both steer groups and cohort 1 heifers, growing phase (C1HG; n = 29; r = 0.27, P = 0.06; r = 0.30, P = 0.07; and r = 0.26, P = 0.08, respectively). Feed bout frequency was correlated with ADG in C1HG and in cohort 2 steers, finishing phase (r = -0.31, P = 0.04, and r = 0.43, P = 0.01, respectively). Feed bout duration was correlated with ADG in heifer groups (r = 0.29 and r = 0.28, P = 0.05 for both groups) and DMI for all growing phase animals (r = 0.29 to 0.55, P",
keywords = "efficiency, feeding behavior, Red Angus, residual feed intake",
author = "M Mcgee and CM Welch and JA Ramirez and GE Carstens and WJ Price and JB Hall and RA Hill",
note = "Cited References Count:30|AT0JM|AMER SOC ANIMAL SCIENCE|PO BOX 7410, CHAMPAIGN, IL 61826-7410 USA|McGee, M.|Welch, C. M.|Ramirez, J. A.|Carstens, G. E.|Price, W. J.|Hall, J. B.|Hill, R. A.|ISI Document Delivery No.:AT0JM",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.2527/jas2014-8036",
language = "English",
volume = "92",
pages = "5214--5221",
journal = "J Anim Sci",
issn = "0021-8812",
publisher = "American Society of Animal Science",
number = "11",

}

Relationships of feeding behaviors with average daily gain, dry matter intake, and residual feed intake in Red Angus-sired cattle. / Mcgee, M; Welch, CM; Ramirez, JA; Carstens, GE; Price, WJ; Hall, JB; Hill, RA.

In: Journal of Animal Science, Vol. 92, No. 11, 2014, p. 5214-5221.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationships of feeding behaviors with average daily gain, dry matter intake, and residual feed intake in Red Angus-sired cattle

AU - Mcgee, M

AU - Welch, CM

AU - Ramirez, JA

AU - Carstens, GE

AU - Price, WJ

AU - Hall, JB

AU - Hill, RA

N1 - Cited References Count:30|AT0JM|AMER SOC ANIMAL SCIENCE|PO BOX 7410, CHAMPAIGN, IL 61826-7410 USA|McGee, M.|Welch, C. M.|Ramirez, J. A.|Carstens, G. E.|Price, W. J.|Hall, J. B.|Hill, R. A.|ISI Document Delivery No.:AT0JM

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Feeding behavior has the potential to enhance prediction of feed intake and to improve understanding of the relationships between behavior, DMI, ADG, and residual feed intake (RFI) in beef cattle. Two cohorts, born in 2009 and 2010, the progeny of Red Angus bulls (n = 58 heifers and n = 53 steers), were evaluated during the growing phase, and the latter group of steers was also evaluated during the finishing phase. All behavior analyses were based on 7 feeding behavior traits (bunk visit frequency, bunk visit duration [BVDUR], feed bout frequency, feed bout duration, meal frequency, meal duration, and average meal intake) and their relationships with ADG, DMI, and RFI. During the growing phase, feeding duration traits were most indicative of DMI with positive correlations between BVDUR and DMI for cohort 1 steers, growing phase (n = 28, r = 0.52, P = 0.00); cohort 2 steers, growing phase (n = 25, r = 0.44, P = 0.01); and cohort 2 heifers, growing phase (n = 29, r = 0.28 P = 0.05). There were similar trends toward correlation of BVDUR and RFI for both steer groups and cohort 1 heifers, growing phase (C1HG; n = 29; r = 0.27, P = 0.06; r = 0.30, P = 0.07; and r = 0.26, P = 0.08, respectively). Feed bout frequency was correlated with ADG in C1HG and in cohort 2 steers, finishing phase (r = -0.31, P = 0.04, and r = 0.43, P = 0.01, respectively). Feed bout duration was correlated with ADG in heifer groups (r = 0.29 and r = 0.28, P = 0.05 for both groups) and DMI for all growing phase animals (r = 0.29 to 0.55, P

AB - Feeding behavior has the potential to enhance prediction of feed intake and to improve understanding of the relationships between behavior, DMI, ADG, and residual feed intake (RFI) in beef cattle. Two cohorts, born in 2009 and 2010, the progeny of Red Angus bulls (n = 58 heifers and n = 53 steers), were evaluated during the growing phase, and the latter group of steers was also evaluated during the finishing phase. All behavior analyses were based on 7 feeding behavior traits (bunk visit frequency, bunk visit duration [BVDUR], feed bout frequency, feed bout duration, meal frequency, meal duration, and average meal intake) and their relationships with ADG, DMI, and RFI. During the growing phase, feeding duration traits were most indicative of DMI with positive correlations between BVDUR and DMI for cohort 1 steers, growing phase (n = 28, r = 0.52, P = 0.00); cohort 2 steers, growing phase (n = 25, r = 0.44, P = 0.01); and cohort 2 heifers, growing phase (n = 29, r = 0.28 P = 0.05). There were similar trends toward correlation of BVDUR and RFI for both steer groups and cohort 1 heifers, growing phase (C1HG; n = 29; r = 0.27, P = 0.06; r = 0.30, P = 0.07; and r = 0.26, P = 0.08, respectively). Feed bout frequency was correlated with ADG in C1HG and in cohort 2 steers, finishing phase (r = -0.31, P = 0.04, and r = 0.43, P = 0.01, respectively). Feed bout duration was correlated with ADG in heifer groups (r = 0.29 and r = 0.28, P = 0.05 for both groups) and DMI for all growing phase animals (r = 0.29 to 0.55, P

KW - efficiency

KW - feeding behavior

KW - Red Angus

KW - residual feed intake

U2 - 10.2527/jas2014-8036

DO - 10.2527/jas2014-8036

M3 - Article

C2 - 25349363

VL - 92

SP - 5214

EP - 5221

JO - J Anim Sci

JF - J Anim Sci

SN - 0021-8812

IS - 11

ER -