Renal tubular glucose reabsorption is mediated by facilitative glucose transporter (GLUT) proteins and energy-dependent sodium glucose luminal transporters. Glucose transport in the diabetic kidney is upregulated and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of progressive diabetic nephropathy. Hyperglycemia, hypertension, and activation of the renin-angiotensin system are believed important in the development of the disease. The present study examines the renal expression of the facilitative glucose transporters GLUT1 and GLUT12 in rat models of diabetic nephropathy. Sprague-Dawley and transgenic (mRen-2)27 rats received either streptozotocin-induced diabetes or vehicle. GLUT12 expression and localization were determined by immunohistochemistry, immunoblotting, in situ hybridization, and confocal immunofluorescence. GLUT1 immunolabeling was detected on the basolateral membrane throughout the nephron. GLUT12 was localized to the distal tubules and collecting ducts. A significant increase in GLUT12 immunolabeling was measured in Ren-2 controls and Ren-2 diabetic animals compared with Sprague-Dawley controls. GLUT12 expression was higher in Ren-2 diabetic compared with Sprague-Dawley diabetic rats. Long-term diabetes resulted in significant increases in GLUT1 levels in the renal proximal tubules and expression was higher in Ren-2 diabetic than Sprague-Dawley diabetic rats. GLUT12 protein was localized to the cytoplasm and to the apical membrane of human and rat distal tubules and collecting ducts. The apical localization of GLUT12 in the distal tubules and collecting ducts suggests that it could contribute to additional glucose reabsorption in the late nephron. Levels of both GLUT1 and GLUT12 are elevated in animal models of hypertension and diabetic nephropathy.
Linden, K., DeHaan, C. L., Zhang, Y., Glowacka, S., Cox, A. J., Kelly, D. J., & Rogers, S. (2006). Renal expression and localization of the facilitative glucose transporters GLUT1 and GLUT12 in animal models of hypertension and diabetic nephropathy. American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology, 290(1), F205-F213. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00237.2004