Reproducibility and changes in twitch properties associated with age and resistance training in young and elderly women

Jack Cannon, Derek Kay, Kyle Tarpenning, Francesco Marino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

We compared knee extensor twitch contractile properties (TP) between nine young women (20-30 years) and 10 elderly women (63-78 years) and examined changes associated with resistance training in addition to measurement reproducibility. Data were obtained on two occasions three weeks apart after which subjects performed bilateral leg extension and bilateral leg curl exercises three days per week for 10 weeks. TP demonstrated moderate to good reproducibility in both age groups with Pearson's r and the Intra-class Correlation Coefficient ranging from 0.67-0.85 (p< 0.05) and the technical error of the measurement ranging from 4.2-7.8%. Pre-training, peak twitch torque, rate of torque development, and the rate of relaxation were 24-32% greater for the young women (p< 0.05). Time to peak torque, half-relaxation time, and contraction duration were not significantly different between groups. Post-training, changes of 2.6-6.1% were observed in TP; however these changes were not significant in either group. These data suggest the presence of an age-associated slowing in the rate of muscle contraction. Furthermore, the lack of change in TP in both groups suggests resistance training failed to alter contractile function. However, these findings are discussed in relation to measurement reproducibility and the meaningfulness of the data obtained.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-635
Number of pages9
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

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