This paper describes two parallel research programs exploring educational practice/praxis. The first, including a theory of 'practice architectures', aims to contribute to contemporary practice theory that views practice from the perspective of a spectator. The second aims to contribute to an emerging (practical philosophy) tradition of 'researching practice from within practice traditions' and views practice (and praxis) from the perspective of participants. It is argued that these particular spectator and participant perspectives are complementary. They offer a dual approach to researching educational practice and praxis and allow us (educational actors, educational researchers) to see ourselves as formed by a collective praxis, within which teacher-researchers can aspire to act educationally in the sense of acting for the good for each person and for the good for humankind.