Resilience for gender inclusion: Developing a model for women in male‐dominated occupations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


What is resilience in the context of work environments
where women face barriers as significant as career
discrimination and harassment? In such a context, is resilience
an individual responsibility? How can organizations
contribute to and support employee resilience? And where
is gender in this equation? This conceptual paper explores
these questions using aviation, the skilled trades (i.e.,
carpentry, welding, plumbing) and the military as case
studies to understand how gender inclusion could be better
supported by resilient organizations. The barriers for
women in male‐dominated industries include social exclusion,
marginalization, discrimination, harassment, and other
forms of social closure. How these barriers can be overcome
is not well understood. We argue that individual
resilience plays a part in women thriving and developing
enduring careers but can only occur in combination with
support from gender inclusion strategies and organizational
resilience. We have developed the Resilience for
Gender Inclusion (RGI) model combining gender inclusion
strategies with organizational resilience strategies. The RGI
model demonstrates how employee and organizational
resilience intersect and may lead to the transformative
potential of inclusive cultures of diversity. This will improve
employee wellbeing and self‐efficacy and create a much
needed sense of belonging and social inclusion for women
in male‐dominated occupations.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberDOI: 10.1111/gwao.12672
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages17
JournalGender, Work and Organization
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2021


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