Response, readiness and challenges of online teaching amid COVID-19 pandemic: The case of higher education in Bangladesh

Goutam Roy, Rasel Babu, Md. Abul Kalam, Nowreen Yasmin, Tata Zafar, Samir Ranjan Nath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Online education is a relatively new phenomenon in Bangladesh. Gathering data online during the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic, this study examines the response, readiness and challenges of online education in the Bangladeshi context.

Data were collected by applying qualitative approaches such as focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with purposively selected students and teachers involved in online education at two public and three private universities.

The findings reveal an immediate response from some universities and late or no action from others in continuing education during the pandemic. Since teachers, students or the university administration were unprepared for such a situation, there was a shortage of or creation of initiatives, although a certain degree of success was noticed. Major challenges include the lack of appropriate technology, knowledge of technology use, teachers’ inadequate skills in operating the system and motivating students, poor Internet facilities and high Internet costs, and absence of a calm environment at students’ homes.

Steps such as workshops for teacher development, improvement of technology and facilities, subsidies in Internet use, revisits to higher education and emergency education laws, and assistance from other professionals and institutions are proposed for consideration.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalEducational and Developmental Psychologist
Publication statusPublished - 08 Nov 2021
Externally publishedYes


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