Review on Peste Des Petits Ruminants (PPR)

Tewodros Fentahun, Melese Woldie

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    A Peste des Petits Ruminant is a contagious disease affecting goats and sheep in Sub-SaharanAfrica extending to the Arabian Peninsula, Middle Eastern countries and India. It is a list a disease that iscaused by theMorbillivirus (familyParamyxoviridae). Peste des Petits Ruminant Virusis related toRinderpest virus which it shares common antigenic determinant. Goats are more susceptible to Peste des PetitsRuminant than sheep and kidsover four months and less than one year of age are also most susceptible.Morbidity and mortality can be as high as 100%and 90%, respectively. Wild animals are not believed to playa role in the spread of the virus. The disease is characterized by fever, anorexia, necrotic stomatitis, diarrhea,occulonasal purulent discharge and respiratory distress. A presumptive diagnosis is based on clinical,pathologic and epidemiological findings and may be confirmed by viral isolation and identification.There is no treatment for Peste des Petits Ruminants but animals can be treated with antibiotics to preventsecondary infections. Vaccination is the most effective way to control the disease. Methods applied for Pestedes Petits Ruminants eradication includes quarantine, slaughtering, proper disposal of carcasses and contactfomites, decontamination of facilities and equipment and restriction on importation of sheep and goats frominfected areas.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)160-167
    Number of pages8
    JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Sciences
    Volume4
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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