Rice starch granule amylolysis - Differentiating effects of particle size, morphology, thermal properties and crystalline polymorph

Sushil Dhital, Vito M. Butardo, Stephen A. Jobling, Michael J. Gidley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The underlying mechanism of amylolysis of rice starch granules was investigated using isolated starch granules from wild-type, as well as SBEIIb mutant and down-regulated lines. Fused granule agglomerates isolated from mutant and transgenic lines were hydrolysed at similar rates by amylases, and had similar crystalline patterns and thermal properties as individual granules. Surface pores, a feature previously only reported for A-polymorphic starch granules, were also observed in B- and C-polymorphic rice starch granules. Although the microscopic patterns of hydrolysis among granules with different crystalline polymorphs were qualitatively similar, the extent and the rate of amylolysis were different, suggesting that B-type crystalline polymorphs are intrinsically more resistant to enzymatic hydrolysis than A-type in rice starch granules. It is proposed that the slightly longer branch lengths of amylopectin which leads to the formation of more stable B-type double helical structures compared to their A-type counterparts is the major parameter, with other factors such as granule size, surface pores and interior channels having secondary roles, in determining the rate of enzymatic hydrolysis of rice starch granules.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-316
Number of pages12
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume115
Early online date02 Sep 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jan 2015

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