Marbling influences the taste and tenderness of meat and is the main determinant of carcass quality in many countries. This study aims to investigate the influence of KLF6 (Kruppel Like Factor 6) and associated molecular mechanisms on lipid metabolism in bovine adipocytes. In the current study, KLF6 gene expression was down regulated via siRNA (small interfering RNA) in bovine adipocytes in vitro. Subsequently, adipogenic cells were collected from the culture media after 9 days, and subjected to fluorescent imaging and RNA sequencing. After confirming that KLF6 was down regulated in bovine adipocytes by siRNA, differential gene expression analysis was used to characterize the infuence of KLF6 on gene expression profiles in bovine adipocytes. A total of 10,812 genes were characterized as differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of which, 109 were up-regulated and 62 were down-regulated genes. KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathway analysis identified that the DEGs were associated with lipid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, cell growth and death, cancer, and the signaling pathways for calcium, AMPK (Adenosine Monophosphate-Activated Protein Kinase), PI3K-Akt (Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase), PPAR (Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors), MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase), cAMP (Cyclic adenosine monophosphate), and Wnt (Wingless-related integration site). Similarly, gene ontology analysis indicated that down-regulation of KLF6 gene significantly up regulated the genes that regulate adipogenesis, differentiation and regulation of adipocytes and homeostasis of bovine adipocytes, specifically regulating the cell-type specific apoptotic action, negative regulation of apoptotic pathways, programmed cell death, and growth. Results indicate that KLF6 has a role in regulating lipid metabolism in bovine adipocytes. These findings provide evidence that may inform further investigations into molecular mechanisms that underlie the role of bovine KLF6 gene in regulating adipogenesis.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||International Journal of Biological Macromolecules|
|Early online date||07 Dec 2021|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Jan 2022|