Root development, water uptake, and shoot dry matter production under water deficit conditions in two CSSLs of rice: Functional roles of root plasticity

Mana Kano-Nakata, Yoshiaki Inukai, Leonard Wade, Joel D. L. C. Siopongco, Akira Yamauchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Root traits that can contribute to drought resistance have not been clearly indentifi ed. We examined the role of root system development in enhancing water uptake and contribution to dry matter production by using the root box-pinboard method, with which quantitative assessment of root system development and the water uptake of root are possible. Chromosome segment substitution lines CSSL45 and CSSL50, and the recurrent parent Nipponbare were grown under continuously waterlogged conditions (control), and various intensities of water deficit in root boxes. There was no significant difference among the genotypes in shoot growth and root development, while CSSL45 and CSSL50 showed greater shoot dry weight than Nipponbare under water deficit conditions. This was due to their abilities to promote root system development as compared with Nipponbare, which facilitated greater water extraction than Nipponbare, especially under the mild water defi cit condition of 20'25% w/w soil moisture contents. Furthermore, the increased root length density did not exceed the estimated critical value for water uptake, which indicates that plastic root system development was functionally effective
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-317
Number of pages11
JournalPlant Production Science
Volume14
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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