Russia's fifth column: The influence of the Night Wolves Motorcycle Club

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6 Citations (Scopus)


While the Night Wolves Motorcycle Club's (NWMC) roots are similar to Western counterparts such as the Hells Angels MC and Bandidos MC, they have evolved into a proxy of the Russian state who unite combat-ready diasporas. The NWMC nongovernmental organization provides soft propaganda while they operate alongside the Russian military and imbed military tactics into foreign Russian populations through their corporate entity Wolf Holding of Security Structures. This case study explores the evolution from outlaw motorcycle club to political force and their integration into Russia's information operations and conflict. The NWMC activities in Eastern Europe, particularly Ukraine, highlight how this motorcycle club has been able to cultivate a fifth column to agitate domestic politics and increase ties to the Kremlin.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-273
Number of pages15
JournalStudies in Conflict and Terrorism
Issue number4
Early online dateApr 2018
Publication statusPublished - 2020


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