School-Aged Children's Production of /s/ and /r/ Consonant Clusters

Sharynne McLeod, Joanne Arciuli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objective: To describe the acquisition of /s/ and /r/ word-initial consonant clusters across 2 elicitation modalities. Patients and Methods: Seventy-four typically developing children aged 5'12 years produced 2- and 3-element /s/ and /r/ consonant clusters in word-initial position. Stimuli were presented pictorially and as written words in separate trials. Results: Overall, 94.5% of the consonant clusters were produced correctly. Two-element /r/ clusters were 94.0% correct, 2-element /s/ clusters were 96.8% correct, and 3-element clusters were 92.0% correct. The age of acquisition was typically younger than established by previous researchers. The characteristic non-adult production of /s/ consonant clusters was the substitution of /s/ with interdental or lateral phonemes, and of /r/ consonant clusters the substitution of /r/ with [w]. The last consonant clusters to be mastered were: / r/ (thr), /str/, /spr/ and /skr/. There were no significant differences in error rates across the modalities; although younger children required significantly more prompting when naming written words. Conclusion: Primary-school-aged children characteristically produced /s/ and /r/ consonant clusters correctly. The accuracy of production was not influenced by the elicitation modality. Elicitation using pictures compared with written words was more efficient for 5- to 8-year-olds. Both elicitation modes were equally efficient for 9- to 12-year-olds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-341
Number of pages6
JournalFolia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Volume61
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Cite this

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title = "School-Aged Children's Production of /s/ and /r/ Consonant Clusters",
abstract = "Objective: To describe the acquisition of /s/ and /r/ word-initial consonant clusters across 2 elicitation modalities. Patients and Methods: Seventy-four typically developing children aged 5'12 years produced 2- and 3-element /s/ and /r/ consonant clusters in word-initial position. Stimuli were presented pictorially and as written words in separate trials. Results: Overall, 94.5{\%} of the consonant clusters were produced correctly. Two-element /r/ clusters were 94.0{\%} correct, 2-element /s/ clusters were 96.8{\%} correct, and 3-element clusters were 92.0{\%} correct. The age of acquisition was typically younger than established by previous researchers. The characteristic non-adult production of /s/ consonant clusters was the substitution of /s/ with interdental or lateral phonemes, and of /r/ consonant clusters the substitution of /r/ with [w]. The last consonant clusters to be mastered were: / r/ (thr), /str/, /spr/ and /skr/. There were no significant differences in error rates across the modalities; although younger children required significantly more prompting when naming written words. Conclusion: Primary-school-aged children characteristically produced /s/ and /r/ consonant clusters correctly. The accuracy of production was not influenced by the elicitation modality. Elicitation using pictures compared with written words was more efficient for 5- to 8-year-olds. Both elicitation modes were equally efficient for 9- to 12-year-olds.",
keywords = "Open access version available, Consonant cluster, Speech acquisition, typical, Speech development, typical",
author = "Sharynne McLeod and Joanne Arciuli",
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School-Aged Children's Production of /s/ and /r/ Consonant Clusters. / McLeod, Sharynne; Arciuli, Joanne.

In: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica, Vol. 61, No. 6, 2009, p. 336-341.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - School-Aged Children's Production of /s/ and /r/ Consonant Clusters

AU - McLeod, Sharynne

AU - Arciuli, Joanne

N1 - Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: Journal title (773t) = Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica: international journal of phoniatrics, speech therapy and communication pathology. ISSNs: 1021-7762;

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Objective: To describe the acquisition of /s/ and /r/ word-initial consonant clusters across 2 elicitation modalities. Patients and Methods: Seventy-four typically developing children aged 5'12 years produced 2- and 3-element /s/ and /r/ consonant clusters in word-initial position. Stimuli were presented pictorially and as written words in separate trials. Results: Overall, 94.5% of the consonant clusters were produced correctly. Two-element /r/ clusters were 94.0% correct, 2-element /s/ clusters were 96.8% correct, and 3-element clusters were 92.0% correct. The age of acquisition was typically younger than established by previous researchers. The characteristic non-adult production of /s/ consonant clusters was the substitution of /s/ with interdental or lateral phonemes, and of /r/ consonant clusters the substitution of /r/ with [w]. The last consonant clusters to be mastered were: / r/ (thr), /str/, /spr/ and /skr/. There were no significant differences in error rates across the modalities; although younger children required significantly more prompting when naming written words. Conclusion: Primary-school-aged children characteristically produced /s/ and /r/ consonant clusters correctly. The accuracy of production was not influenced by the elicitation modality. Elicitation using pictures compared with written words was more efficient for 5- to 8-year-olds. Both elicitation modes were equally efficient for 9- to 12-year-olds.

AB - Objective: To describe the acquisition of /s/ and /r/ word-initial consonant clusters across 2 elicitation modalities. Patients and Methods: Seventy-four typically developing children aged 5'12 years produced 2- and 3-element /s/ and /r/ consonant clusters in word-initial position. Stimuli were presented pictorially and as written words in separate trials. Results: Overall, 94.5% of the consonant clusters were produced correctly. Two-element /r/ clusters were 94.0% correct, 2-element /s/ clusters were 96.8% correct, and 3-element clusters were 92.0% correct. The age of acquisition was typically younger than established by previous researchers. The characteristic non-adult production of /s/ consonant clusters was the substitution of /s/ with interdental or lateral phonemes, and of /r/ consonant clusters the substitution of /r/ with [w]. The last consonant clusters to be mastered were: / r/ (thr), /str/, /spr/ and /skr/. There were no significant differences in error rates across the modalities; although younger children required significantly more prompting when naming written words. Conclusion: Primary-school-aged children characteristically produced /s/ and /r/ consonant clusters correctly. The accuracy of production was not influenced by the elicitation modality. Elicitation using pictures compared with written words was more efficient for 5- to 8-year-olds. Both elicitation modes were equally efficient for 9- to 12-year-olds.

KW - Open access version available

KW - Consonant cluster

KW - Speech acquisition, typical

KW - Speech development, typical

U2 - 10.1159/000252850

DO - 10.1159/000252850

M3 - Article

VL - 61

SP - 336

EP - 341

JO - Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica

JF - Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica

SN - 0015-5705

IS - 6

ER -