TY - JOUR

T1 - Search for gravitational waves associated with 39 gamma-ray bursts using data from the second, third, and fourth LIGO runs

AU - Abbott, B.

AU - Abbott, R.

AU - Adhikari, R.

AU - Agresti, J.

AU - Ajith, P.

AU - Allen, B.

AU - Amin, R.

AU - Anderson, S.B.

AU - Anderson, W.G.

AU - Arain, M.

AU - Charlton, Philip

N1 - Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: Journal title (773t) = Physical Review D (Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology). ISSNs: 1550-7998;

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - We present the results of a search for short-duration gravitational-wave bursts associated with 39 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) detected by gamma-ray satellite experiments during LIGO's S2, S3, and S4 science runs. The search involves calculating the cross correlation between two interferometer data streams surrounding the GRB trigger time. We search for associated gravitational radiation from single GRBs, and also apply statistical tests to search for a gravitational-wave signature associated with the whole sample. For the sample examined, we find no evidence for the association of gravitational radiation with GRBs, either on a single-GRB basis or on a statistical basis. Simulating gravitational-wave bursts with sine-Gaussian waveforms, we set upper limits on the root-sum-square of the gravitational-wave strain amplitude of such waveforms at the times of the GRB triggers. We also demonstrate how a sample of several GRBs can be used collectively to set constraints on population models. The small number of GRBs and the significant change in sensitivity of the detectors over the three runs, however, limits the usefulness of a population study for the S2, S3, and S4 runs. Finally, we discuss prospects for the search sensitivity for the ongoing S5 run, and beyond for the next generation of detectors.

AB - We present the results of a search for short-duration gravitational-wave bursts associated with 39 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) detected by gamma-ray satellite experiments during LIGO's S2, S3, and S4 science runs. The search involves calculating the cross correlation between two interferometer data streams surrounding the GRB trigger time. We search for associated gravitational radiation from single GRBs, and also apply statistical tests to search for a gravitational-wave signature associated with the whole sample. For the sample examined, we find no evidence for the association of gravitational radiation with GRBs, either on a single-GRB basis or on a statistical basis. Simulating gravitational-wave bursts with sine-Gaussian waveforms, we set upper limits on the root-sum-square of the gravitational-wave strain amplitude of such waveforms at the times of the GRB triggers. We also demonstrate how a sample of several GRBs can be used collectively to set constraints on population models. The small number of GRBs and the significant change in sensitivity of the detectors over the three runs, however, limits the usefulness of a population study for the S2, S3, and S4 runs. Finally, we discuss prospects for the search sensitivity for the ongoing S5 run, and beyond for the next generation of detectors.

KW - Open access version available

KW - Data analysis

KW - Gravitational waves

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.77.062004

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.77.062004

M3 - Article

SN - 1550-7998

VL - 77

SP - 1

EP - 28

JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

IS - 6

ER -