Seeding rate effects on yield components and forage quality of Agaitti Berseem-2002–an improved variety of berseem clover

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Abstract

The poor availability and high cost of quality forage seed provide a major limitation to the productivity of resource-poor dairy farmers in Pakistan. The cost can be minimized if such seeding rates are used to provide optimal forage and seed yields. A field experiment was therefore conducted to investigate the effect of different seeding rates (10, 15, 20, and 25 kg/ha) of Agaitti Berseem-2002 on forage and seed yield components, and forage quality. The results revealed that the seeding rate significantly (P < 0.05) affected number of seeds/m2, seed weight, seed yield and acid detergent fiber (ADF). However, seed rate effects on all the remaining forage and seed yield traits, and quality parameters were found to be non-significant (P > 0.05). The highest value for number of heads/m2 (471) was achieved at a seeding rate of 25 kg/ha, whereas the highest thousand seed weight (3.99 g) and estimated seed yield (687 kg/ha) were obtained at 20 kg/ha, and ADF of forage (20%) was found at a seeding rate of 15 kg/ha. The lowest values for number of heads/m2 (287), seed weight (3.33 g) and estimated seed yield (328 kg/ha) were recorded at a seeding rate of 10 kg/ha. There was no significant difference found between 15 and 20 kg/ha seeding rates in relation to forage yield and quality parameters. Therefore, a seeding rate of 10 kg/ha is recommended to attain the highest forage yield of better quality, whereas a seeding rate of 20 kg/ha provided higher seed production than 10, 15, and 25 kg/ha.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)522-535
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Crop Improvement
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 06 Jun 2019

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Medicago
Trifolium alexandrinum
forage quality
seeding
yield components
forage
Seeds
sowing
cultivars
seed
forage yield
seed yield
Head
seeds
seed productivity
Weights and Measures
Costs and Cost Analysis
rate
effect
Pakistan

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title = "Seeding rate effects on yield components and forage quality of Agaitti Berseem-2002–an improved variety of berseem clover",
abstract = "The poor availability and high cost of quality forage seed provide a major limitation to the productivity of resource-poor dairy farmers in Pakistan. The cost can be minimized if such seeding rates are used to provide optimal forage and seed yields. A field experiment was therefore conducted to investigate the effect of different seeding rates (10, 15, 20, and 25 kg/ha) of Agaitti Berseem-2002 on forage and seed yield components, and forage quality. The results revealed that the seeding rate significantly (P < 0.05) affected number of seeds/m2, seed weight, seed yield and acid detergent fiber (ADF). However, seed rate effects on all the remaining forage and seed yield traits, and quality parameters were found to be non-significant (P > 0.05). The highest value for number of heads/m2 (471) was achieved at a seeding rate of 25 kg/ha, whereas the highest thousand seed weight (3.99 g) and estimated seed yield (687 kg/ha) were obtained at 20 kg/ha, and ADF of forage (20{\%}) was found at a seeding rate of 15 kg/ha. The lowest values for number of heads/m2 (287), seed weight (3.33 g) and estimated seed yield (328 kg/ha) were recorded at a seeding rate of 10 kg/ha. There was no significant difference found between 15 and 20 kg/ha seeding rates in relation to forage yield and quality parameters. Therefore, a seeding rate of 10 kg/ha is recommended to attain the highest forage yield of better quality, whereas a seeding rate of 20 kg/ha provided higher seed production than 10, 15, and 25 kg/ha.",
keywords = "Cost effectiveness, forage legume, on-farm sustainability, poverty alleviation, smallholder farmers",
author = "Tufail, {M. S.} and Krebs, {G. L.} and A. Southwell and Piltz, {J. W.} and Wynn, {P. C.}",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "6",
doi = "10.1080/15427528.2019.1625837",
language = "English",
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pages = "522--535",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Seeding rate effects on yield components and forage quality of Agaitti Berseem-2002–an improved variety of berseem clover

AU - Tufail, M. S.

AU - Krebs, G. L.

AU - Southwell, A.

AU - Piltz, J. W.

AU - Wynn, P. C.

PY - 2019/6/6

Y1 - 2019/6/6

N2 - The poor availability and high cost of quality forage seed provide a major limitation to the productivity of resource-poor dairy farmers in Pakistan. The cost can be minimized if such seeding rates are used to provide optimal forage and seed yields. A field experiment was therefore conducted to investigate the effect of different seeding rates (10, 15, 20, and 25 kg/ha) of Agaitti Berseem-2002 on forage and seed yield components, and forage quality. The results revealed that the seeding rate significantly (P < 0.05) affected number of seeds/m2, seed weight, seed yield and acid detergent fiber (ADF). However, seed rate effects on all the remaining forage and seed yield traits, and quality parameters were found to be non-significant (P > 0.05). The highest value for number of heads/m2 (471) was achieved at a seeding rate of 25 kg/ha, whereas the highest thousand seed weight (3.99 g) and estimated seed yield (687 kg/ha) were obtained at 20 kg/ha, and ADF of forage (20%) was found at a seeding rate of 15 kg/ha. The lowest values for number of heads/m2 (287), seed weight (3.33 g) and estimated seed yield (328 kg/ha) were recorded at a seeding rate of 10 kg/ha. There was no significant difference found between 15 and 20 kg/ha seeding rates in relation to forage yield and quality parameters. Therefore, a seeding rate of 10 kg/ha is recommended to attain the highest forage yield of better quality, whereas a seeding rate of 20 kg/ha provided higher seed production than 10, 15, and 25 kg/ha.

AB - The poor availability and high cost of quality forage seed provide a major limitation to the productivity of resource-poor dairy farmers in Pakistan. The cost can be minimized if such seeding rates are used to provide optimal forage and seed yields. A field experiment was therefore conducted to investigate the effect of different seeding rates (10, 15, 20, and 25 kg/ha) of Agaitti Berseem-2002 on forage and seed yield components, and forage quality. The results revealed that the seeding rate significantly (P < 0.05) affected number of seeds/m2, seed weight, seed yield and acid detergent fiber (ADF). However, seed rate effects on all the remaining forage and seed yield traits, and quality parameters were found to be non-significant (P > 0.05). The highest value for number of heads/m2 (471) was achieved at a seeding rate of 25 kg/ha, whereas the highest thousand seed weight (3.99 g) and estimated seed yield (687 kg/ha) were obtained at 20 kg/ha, and ADF of forage (20%) was found at a seeding rate of 15 kg/ha. The lowest values for number of heads/m2 (287), seed weight (3.33 g) and estimated seed yield (328 kg/ha) were recorded at a seeding rate of 10 kg/ha. There was no significant difference found between 15 and 20 kg/ha seeding rates in relation to forage yield and quality parameters. Therefore, a seeding rate of 10 kg/ha is recommended to attain the highest forage yield of better quality, whereas a seeding rate of 20 kg/ha provided higher seed production than 10, 15, and 25 kg/ha.

KW - Cost effectiveness

KW - forage legume

KW - on-farm sustainability

KW - poverty alleviation

KW - smallholder farmers

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U2 - 10.1080/15427528.2019.1625837

DO - 10.1080/15427528.2019.1625837

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 522

EP - 535

JO - Journal of Crop Improvement

JF - Journal of Crop Improvement

SN - 1092-678X

IS - 4

ER -