Self-reported aural symptoms, headache and temporomandibular disorders in Japanese young adults

Rahena Akhter, Manabu Morita, Disuke Ekuni, Nur Mohammad Hassan, Michiko Furuta, Reiko Yamanaka, Yoshizo Matsuka, David Wilson

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27 Citations (Scopus)
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AbstractBackground: To investigate the associations of aural symptoms, headache and depression with the presence oftemporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms in a young adult population in Japan.Methods: A personal interview survey was conducted on first-year university students (n = 1,930) regardingsymptoms of TMD, aural problems, headache, shoulder pain and depression. Logistic regression was applied toassess the associations of these problems with the presence of TMD symptoms after controlling for age and gender.Results: Among the 1,930 students, 543 students exhibited TMD symptoms and were classified into 7 groups: clickingonly (Group I, n = 319), pain in the TMJ only (Group II, n = 21), difficulty in mouth opening only (Group III, n = 18), clickingand pain (Group IV, n = 29), clicking and difficulty in mouth opening (Group V, n = 48), difficulty in mouth opening andpain (Group VI, n = 11), and combination of three symptoms (Group VII, n = 97). The control group (n = 1,387) weresubjects without any TMD symptoms. After adjusting for age and gender, a strong association was observed betweenTMD symptoms (Group II and IV) and tinnitus (OR = 12.1 and 13.2, respectively). TMD symptoms (Group I, II and III) werealso associated with vertigo and headache. Otalgia and depression were significantly associated with the presence ofclicking only.Conclusions: TMD symptoms were significantly correlated to aural symptoms and headache. A functional evaluation ofthe stomatognathic system should be considered in subjects with unexplained aural symptoms and headache.Keywords: Headache, Temporomandibular disorders, Tinnitus, Vertigo, Young adults
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalBMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Issue number58
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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