This study is the first to demonstrate in canines the ability of silica-lipid hybrid (SLH) microparticles to enhance the bioavailability and efficacy of a poorly water-soluble drug after oral administration. Spray-dried SLH microparticles comprising Capmul MCM (mono-diglycerides of C8/C12 fatty acids) and silica nanoparticles (AerosilÂ® 380) were shown to significantly enhance the fasted state oral bioavailability of celecoxib (CEL) (6.5 fold, relative to an aqueous suspension and more than 2-fold higher relative to the fed state) after oral administration to beagle dogs. Comparable bioavailability was observed between the SLH microparticle formulation and a conventional Capmul lipid solution, however, plasma concentrations were observed to be higher (Cmax, 1.1 ± 0.06 vs. 0.8 ± 0.03 'g/mL) (p ' 0.05) with the SLH microparticle system. The enhanced bioavailability of CEL observed with the SLH microparticles was reflected in a subsequent efficacy study conducted in an adjuvant-induced arthritis model in the rat. Reduced clinical and histological severity was observed at a dose of 3 mg/kg/day, with the progression of arthritic symptoms and tissue damage reduced to a similar degree to that of a higher dose administered at 5 mg/kg/day and prepared in an aqueous suspension., The enhanced bioavailability and improved efficacy observed with the SLH microparticles were attributed to the maintenance of CEL in a solubilised form during digestion of the lipid vehicle. We hypothesise that the presence of silica in the formulation may have contributed to the prevention of drug precipitation in the intestinal lumen by providing an alternative binding site for CEL to adsorb to prior to re-solubilisation and absorption. The study highlights the potential utility of novel SLH microparticle formulations as stable dry powders that possess the properties of a lipid-based formulationfor the enhanced delivery and efficacy of poorly water-soluble drugs.
Nguyen, T. -H., Tan, A., Santos, L., Ngo, D., Edwards, G. A., Porter, C. J. H., Prestidge, C. A., & Boyd, B. J. (2013). Silica-lipid hybrid (SLH) formulations enhance the oral bioavailability and efficacy of celecoxib: An in vivo evaluation. Journal of Controlled Release, 167(1), 85-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconrel.2013.01.012