Simplified Method for Removing Direct Oral Anticoagulant Interference in Mechanical Coagulation Test Systems—A Proof of Concept

Thomas Exner, Manita Dangol, Emmanuel J. Favaloro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) cause unwanted interference in various hemostasis assays, including lupus anticoagulant (LA) testing, where false positive and false negative identification may occur. DOAC Stop (DS) is an activated charcoal (AC) product used to specifically and effectively adsorb DOACs from test plasma. This process normally requires plasma treatment, centrifugation and plasma separation prior to tests, but inexperienced operators may also inadvertently transfer residual AC particles, thereby potentially adversely affecting clot detection. Methods: We hypothesized that residual DS might not be problematic for mechanical clot detection. We therefore investigated the potential impact of DS and a new DS liquid (DS-L) product on clotting tests using a mechanical clot detection system. Varying concentrations of DS were added to normal and abnormal plasmas with and without DOAC presence. Clotting tests including PT, APTT and dRVVT were performed directly in the analyzer without plasma/DS centrifugation. Results: DS up to double the recommended treatment level had only minor effects on all test results, despite completely obscuring visibility in the plasma/reagent mix. This confirms that the centrifugation step may be able to be omitted when using mechanical detection systems. Conclusions: Should DS carryover into treated plasmas occur, this should not cause issues with testing performed on mechanical clot-sensing devices. Moreover, we hypothesize that DS can be used directly in these systems, without the need for centrifugation, thereby simplifying its many potential applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1042
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

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