Single-step PCR differentiation of Cotesia sesamiae (Cameron) and Cotesia flavipes Cameron (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) using polydnavirus markers

Stephane Dupas, C. W. Gitau, Bruno Le Ru, Jean-Francois Silvain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cotesia sesamiae (Cameron) and Cotesia flavipes Cameron (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) are the main larval parasitoids of cereal stemborers in sub-Saharan Africa. Cotesia sesamiae is endemic to eastern and southern Africa, while C. flavipes was introduced into the region for biological control against the exotic lepidopteran Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). The two are sibling parasitoids, difficult to distinguish morphologically. The introduced insect could potentially lead its African biotype to extinction because of their similar ecological niche. In order to distinguish the two species, multiplex primer-specific and PCR-RFLP tests were developed. Rapid identification of the two species was possible using primer-specific tests on DNA extracts as well as on pieces of tissue in a single PCR step followed by gel electrophoresis. The CRV1 gene of the polydnavirus, a symbiont to the wasps, was used as the marker. The results show that the morphological identifications, validated by molecular tests, are accurate in 93% of cases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)319-323
Number of pages5
JournalAnnales de la Societe Entomologique de France
Volume42
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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