Ski Overexpression in Skeletal Muscle Modulates Genetic Programs That Control Susceptibility to Diet-Induced Obesity and Insulin Signaling

Marianne Diaz, Nick Martel, Rebecca L Fitzsimmons, Natalie A Eriksson, Gary J Cowin, Gethin P Thomas, Kim-Anh Le Cao, George EO Muscat, Gary M Leong

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    Abstract

    Transgenic mice overexpressing chicken Ski (c-Ski) have marked decrease in adipose mass with skeletal musclehypertrophy. Recent evidence indicates a role for c-Ski in lipogenesis and energy expenditure. In the present study,wild type (WT) and c-Ski mice were challenged on a high-fat (HF) diet to determine whether c-Ski mice were resistantto diet-induced obesity. During the HF feeding WT mice gained significantly more weight than chow-fed animals, whilec-Ski mice were partially resistant to the effects of the HF diet on weight. Body composition analysis confirmed thedecreased adipose mass in c-Ski mice compared to WT mice. c-Ski mice possess a similar metabolic rate and levelof food consumption to WT littermates, despite lower activity levels and on chow diet show mild glucose intolerancerelative to WT littermates. On HF diet, glucose tolerance surprisingly remained unchanged in c-Ski mice, while it became worse in WT mice. Skeletal muscle of c-Ski mice exhibit impaired insulin-stimulated Akt phosphorylation and glucose uptake. In concordance, gene expression profiling of skeletal muscle of chow and HF-fed mice indicated that Ski suppresses gene expression associated with insulin signaling and glucose uptake and alters gene pathways involved in myogenesis and adipogenesis. In conclusion, c-Ski mice are partially resistant to diet-induced obesity and display aberrant insulin signaling and glucose homeostasis which is associated with alterations in gene expression that inhibit lipogenesis and insulin signaling. These results suggest Ski plays a major role in skeletal muscle metabolism and adipogenesis and hence influences risk of obesity and diabetes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2157-2167
    Number of pages11
    JournalObesity
    Volume20
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

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  • Cite this

    Diaz, M., Martel, N., Fitzsimmons, R. L., Eriksson, N. A., Cowin, G. J., Thomas, G. P., Le Cao, K-A., Muscat, G. EO., & Leong, G. M. (2012). Ski Overexpression in Skeletal Muscle Modulates Genetic Programs That Control Susceptibility to Diet-Induced Obesity and Insulin Signaling. Obesity, 20(11), 2157-2167. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2012.101