Skimmed groundwater

Muhammad Asghar

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperChapter


In several unconfined aquifers under irrigated agricultural areas, the groundwater system consists of a saturated porous medium containing miscible fluids (fresh groundwater and saline groundwater). The native groundwater is deep and saline because of the marine origin of the hydrogeologic formation. However, fresh groundwater lenses from deep percolation of the extensive water conveyance and distribution system, as well as from irrigation and rainfall, overlie this native saline groundwater. The thickness of these fresh groundwater lenses varies from a few meters to more than 100 meters. Farmers are using this skimmed groundwater to fill the gap between the supply and demand of surface water in the conjunctive water use environment of the Indus Basin of Pakistan.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWater Encyclopedia
EditorsThomas B Kingery III, Jack Keeley editor in chief, Janet Lehr senior editor, Thomas B Kingery III associate associate editor
Place of PublicationUSA
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Number of pages1
Editiona-z listing
ISBN (Print)9780471441649
Publication statusPublished - 2005


Dive into the research topics of 'Skimmed groundwater'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this