Social equity and livelihood implications of REDD+ in rural communities

A case study from Nepal

Mohan Poudel, Richard Thwaites, Digby Race, Ganga Ram Dahal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Despite growing international consensus that the use of the policy instrument REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation in developing countries) could be an effective way to reduce carbon emissions from the forestry sector and support bio-diversity with livelihood benefits, there are a range of unresolved issues, including potential implications for rural livelihoods. This paper presents results from recent research that examines social equity and livelihood implications of the piloting of REDD+ through Nepal’s community forestry system, within selected villages in the Gorkha district of Nepal. The research reveals the varying experiences of households, closely correlated to the socio-economic attributes of the households. Despite the ‘no harm and equitable’ policy, this research indicates that not everyone is experiencing the anticipated benefits of REDD+. Although poorer, women-headed and marginalized households are targeted in some ways (e.g. seed grants), the support is limited, and inadequately compensates the loss they have experienced in other ways (e.g. limited access to forests). Households bundling by caste may not necessarily address equity, but is likely to increase intra-caste marginalization.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-208
Number of pages32
JournalInternational Journal of the Commons
Volume9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Nepal
rural community
livelihood
equity
caste
forestry
research policy
biodiversity
grant
village
developing country
district
community
economics
experience

Cite this

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title = "Social equity and livelihood implications of REDD+ in rural communities: A case study from Nepal",
abstract = "Despite growing international consensus that the use of the policy instrument REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation in developing countries) could be an effective way to reduce carbon emissions from the forestry sector and support bio-diversity with livelihood benefits, there are a range of unresolved issues, including potential implications for rural livelihoods. This paper presents results from recent research that examines social equity and livelihood implications of the piloting of REDD+ through Nepal’s community forestry system, within selected villages in the Gorkha district of Nepal. The research reveals the varying experiences of households, closely correlated to the socio-economic attributes of the households. Despite the ‘no harm and equitable’ policy, this research indicates that not everyone is experiencing the anticipated benefits of REDD+. Although poorer, women-headed and marginalized households are targeted in some ways (e.g. seed grants), the support is limited, and inadequately compensates the loss they have experienced in other ways (e.g. limited access to forests). Households bundling by caste may not necessarily address equity, but is likely to increase intra-caste marginalization.",
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author = "Mohan Poudel and Richard Thwaites and Digby Race and Dahal, {Ganga Ram}",
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year = "2015",
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volume = "9",
pages = "177--208",
journal = "International Journal of the Commons",
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Social equity and livelihood implications of REDD+ in rural communities : A case study from Nepal. / Poudel, Mohan; Thwaites, Richard; Race, Digby; Dahal, Ganga Ram.

In: International Journal of the Commons, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2015, p. 177-208.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Social equity and livelihood implications of REDD+ in rural communities

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AU - Thwaites, Richard

AU - Race, Digby

AU - Dahal, Ganga Ram

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AB - Despite growing international consensus that the use of the policy instrument REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation in developing countries) could be an effective way to reduce carbon emissions from the forestry sector and support bio-diversity with livelihood benefits, there are a range of unresolved issues, including potential implications for rural livelihoods. This paper presents results from recent research that examines social equity and livelihood implications of the piloting of REDD+ through Nepal’s community forestry system, within selected villages in the Gorkha district of Nepal. The research reveals the varying experiences of households, closely correlated to the socio-economic attributes of the households. Despite the ‘no harm and equitable’ policy, this research indicates that not everyone is experiencing the anticipated benefits of REDD+. Although poorer, women-headed and marginalized households are targeted in some ways (e.g. seed grants), the support is limited, and inadequately compensates the loss they have experienced in other ways (e.g. limited access to forests). Households bundling by caste may not necessarily address equity, but is likely to increase intra-caste marginalization.

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