The article discusses some features of social work, broad community practice trends, and imperatives for political engagementin local communities in developing countries. Drawing on secondary data and the author's observations and research oncommunity development in developing countries, it addresses an important question: Do social workers practice in localcommunities generally, and particularly through political engagement? The analysis shows broad community practice trendsin developing countries and argues that social workers and their profession are almost absent in local communities, and whenthey are so engaged, most of them do not engage politically. In view of local communities' contexts and people's deprivedconditions, the imperatives for social workers to engage politically in community practice are discussed. These are as follows: adhering to values/principles-based social work practice with communities, making an entry and gaining acceptance,awareness-raising and capacity building, challenging exploitative and oppressive community power structures, and ensuringsustainable community development. In conclusion, it is argued that to effectively address these imperatives, social work mayneed to alter its non-political and non-religious neutral stand, where appropriate. In many situations, social workers need tofocus on the profession's fundamental values and principles and actively engage with local politics and power structures so asto improve the living conditions of people and local communities in developing countries.