Socioeconomic impact assessment of water resources conservation and management to protect groundwater in Punjab, Pakistan

Javaria Nasir, Ashfaq Muhammad, Irfan Baig, Jay Punthakey, Richard Culas, Asghar Ali, Hassan Faizan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
136 Downloads (Pure)


Water is the most important resource; it is utilized largely in agricultural production and is fundamental to ensuring global food security. This study aims to assess sustainable water management interventions and their impact on the farm economy. To increase water productivity, the most important adaptations that have been proposed are high-efficiency irrigation systems, drought-resistant varieties, the substitution of water-intensive crops with less water-demanding crops, the mulching of soil, zero tillage, and all on-farm operations that can save water, especially ground water. The recent analysis utilized farm survey data from 469 representative farmers along with secondary statistics. The data were collected via a multi-stage sampling technique to ensure the availability of representative farm populations based on a comprehensive site selection criterion. The TOA-MD model estimates the adoption rate of a proposed adaptation based on net farm returns. The impact of high-efficiency irrigation systems and the substitution of high delta crops for low delta crops had a positive impact on net farm returns and per capita income, and a negative impact on farm poverty in the study area. It is recommended that policymakers consult farmer representatives about agricultural and water-related issues so that all the policies can be implemented properly.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2672
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 27 Sept 2021

Grant Number

  • ACIAR, LWR-2015/036.


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