Solubilization of bovine gelatin using power ultrasound: Gelation without heating

Asgar Farahnaky, Fatemeh Zendeboodi, Rezvan Azizi, Gholamreza Mesbahi, Mahsa Majzoobi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of power ultrasound without using any heating stage in solubilizeing gelatin dispersions, and to characterize the mechanical and microstructural properties of the resulting gels using texture analysis and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. Usually to prepare a gel from gelatin, a primary heating stage of at about 40C or above is required to solubilize gelatin macromolecules. In this study solubilizing gelatin dispersions using power ultrasound without any heating was successfully performed. For solubilising gelatin, an ultrasound equipment with a frequency of 20 kHz, amplitude of 100% and power range of 50-150 W was used. Aqueous gelatin dispersions (4% w/v) were subjected to ultrasound for different times (40'240 s) at a constant temperature of 13C. Applying ultrasound to gelatin dispersions caused increases in water absorption and water solubility of the hydrocolloid. The textural parameters of the resulting gelatin gels, increased with increasing time and power of ultrasound. Moreover, a generalized Maxwell model with three elements was used for calculating relaxation times of the gels. The microstructural observations by SEM showed that the structural cohesiveness of the gels increased by increasing ultrasonication time. Ultrasound-assisted solubilization of gelatin can have emerging implications for industrial uses in pharmaceuticals, food and non-food systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Texture Studies
Volumeonline
Issue numberx
Early online dateAug 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017

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