Speech characteristics of 8-year-old children with speech difficulties

Findings from a prospective population study

Yvonne Wren, Sharynne McLeod, Paul White, Laura L. Miller, Sue Roulstone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Speech disorder that continues into middle childhood is rarely studied compared with speech disorder in the early years. Speech production in single words, connected speech and nonword repetition was assessed for 7390 eight-year-old children within the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). The majority (n = 6399) had typical speech and 50 of these children served as controls. The remainder were categorised as using common clinical distortions only (CCD, n = 582) or speech difficulties (SDiff, n = 409). The samples from the CCD children were not analysed further. Speech samples from the SDiff and the control children were transcribed and analysed in terms of percentage consonants correct, error type and syllable structure. Findings were compared with those from children in the Shriberg et al. (1997) lifespan database (n = 25). The 8-year-old children from ALSPAC in the SDiff and control groups achieved similar speech accuracy scores to the 8-year-old children in the lifespan database. The SDiff group had consistently lower scores than the ALSPAC control group, with the following measures most clearly differentiating the groups: single word task (percentage of substitutions and distortions), connected speech task (percentage of vowels correct (PVC), percentage of omission of singletons and entire clusters, and stress pattern matches), nonword repetition task (PVC, percentage of entire clusters omitted, percentage of distortions, and percentage of stress pattern matches). Connected speech and nonword samples provide useful supplementary data for identifying older children with atypical speech.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-69
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Communication Disorders
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

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Prospective Studies
Population
Longitudinal Studies
Speech Disorders
longitudinal study
parents
Parents
speech disorder
life-span
Group
Databases
Control Groups
substitution
childhood

Grant Number

  • FT0990588

Cite this

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title = "Speech characteristics of 8-year-old children with speech difficulties: Findings from a prospective population study",
abstract = "Speech disorder that continues into middle childhood is rarely studied compared with speech disorder in the early years. Speech production in single words, connected speech and nonword repetition was assessed for 7390 eight-year-old children within the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). The majority (n = 6399) had typical speech and 50 of these children served as controls. The remainder were categorised as using common clinical distortions only (CCD, n = 582) or speech difficulties (SDiff, n = 409). The samples from the CCD children were not analysed further. Speech samples from the SDiff and the control children were transcribed and analysed in terms of percentage consonants correct, error type and syllable structure. Findings were compared with those from children in the Shriberg et al. (1997) lifespan database (n = 25). The 8-year-old children from ALSPAC in the SDiff and control groups achieved similar speech accuracy scores to the 8-year-old children in the lifespan database. The SDiff group had consistently lower scores than the ALSPAC control group, with the following measures most clearly differentiating the groups: single word task (percentage of substitutions and distortions), connected speech task (percentage of vowels correct (PVC), percentage of omission of singletons and entire clusters, and stress pattern matches), nonword repetition task (PVC, percentage of entire clusters omitted, percentage of distortions, and percentage of stress pattern matches). Connected speech and nonword samples provide useful supplementary data for identifying older children with atypical speech.",
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Speech characteristics of 8-year-old children with speech difficulties : Findings from a prospective population study. / Wren, Yvonne; McLeod, Sharynne; White, Paul; Miller, Laura L.; Roulstone, Sue.

In: Journal of Communication Disorders, Vol. 46, No. 1, 01.2013, p. 53-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Speech characteristics of 8-year-old children with speech difficulties

T2 - Findings from a prospective population study

AU - Wren, Yvonne

AU - McLeod, Sharynne

AU - White, Paul

AU - Miller, Laura L.

AU - Roulstone, Sue

N1 - Imported on 12 Apr 2017 - DigiTool details were: month (773h) = January, 2013; Journal title (773t) = Journal of Communication Disorders. ISSNs: 0021-9924;

PY - 2013/1

Y1 - 2013/1

N2 - Speech disorder that continues into middle childhood is rarely studied compared with speech disorder in the early years. Speech production in single words, connected speech and nonword repetition was assessed for 7390 eight-year-old children within the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). The majority (n = 6399) had typical speech and 50 of these children served as controls. The remainder were categorised as using common clinical distortions only (CCD, n = 582) or speech difficulties (SDiff, n = 409). The samples from the CCD children were not analysed further. Speech samples from the SDiff and the control children were transcribed and analysed in terms of percentage consonants correct, error type and syllable structure. Findings were compared with those from children in the Shriberg et al. (1997) lifespan database (n = 25). The 8-year-old children from ALSPAC in the SDiff and control groups achieved similar speech accuracy scores to the 8-year-old children in the lifespan database. The SDiff group had consistently lower scores than the ALSPAC control group, with the following measures most clearly differentiating the groups: single word task (percentage of substitutions and distortions), connected speech task (percentage of vowels correct (PVC), percentage of omission of singletons and entire clusters, and stress pattern matches), nonword repetition task (PVC, percentage of entire clusters omitted, percentage of distortions, and percentage of stress pattern matches). Connected speech and nonword samples provide useful supplementary data for identifying older children with atypical speech.

AB - Speech disorder that continues into middle childhood is rarely studied compared with speech disorder in the early years. Speech production in single words, connected speech and nonword repetition was assessed for 7390 eight-year-old children within the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). The majority (n = 6399) had typical speech and 50 of these children served as controls. The remainder were categorised as using common clinical distortions only (CCD, n = 582) or speech difficulties (SDiff, n = 409). The samples from the CCD children were not analysed further. Speech samples from the SDiff and the control children were transcribed and analysed in terms of percentage consonants correct, error type and syllable structure. Findings were compared with those from children in the Shriberg et al. (1997) lifespan database (n = 25). The 8-year-old children from ALSPAC in the SDiff and control groups achieved similar speech accuracy scores to the 8-year-old children in the lifespan database. The SDiff group had consistently lower scores than the ALSPAC control group, with the following measures most clearly differentiating the groups: single word task (percentage of substitutions and distortions), connected speech task (percentage of vowels correct (PVC), percentage of omission of singletons and entire clusters, and stress pattern matches), nonword repetition task (PVC, percentage of entire clusters omitted, percentage of distortions, and percentage of stress pattern matches). Connected speech and nonword samples provide useful supplementary data for identifying older children with atypical speech.

KW - Open access version available

KW - ALSPAC

KW - Articulation

KW - Children

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Persistent speech disorder

KW - Phonology

KW - Population study

KW - Speech

KW - Speech and language

KW - Speech sound disorder

U2 - 10.1016/j.jcomdis.2012.08.008

DO - 10.1016/j.jcomdis.2012.08.008

M3 - Article

VL - 46

SP - 53

EP - 69

JO - Clinics in communication disorders

JF - Clinics in communication disorders

SN - 0021-9924

IS - 1

ER -