Spirit or fleeting apparition? Why spirituality's link with social support might be incrementally invalid

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Abstract

Previously published path models apparently confirm the belief-as-benefit perspective that spirituality boosts well-being via social support. The broad acceptance of such findings has motivated recommendations that clinical psychologists and psychiatrists routinely assess their patients' spiritual status. Skeptics retort that past findings are statistically confounded and that numinous beliefs and well-being are unrelated. A multivariate regression analysis testing whether spirituality explains variance in social support after personality traits are simultaneously included is reported. Although spirituality displays a significant positive correlation and partial correlation (after controlling for socio-demographics) with social support, regression analysis specifying agreeableness and conscientiousness'individual differences related to both spirituality and social support'as predictors renders spirituality nonsignificant. In summary, spirituality's correlation with social support appears spurious; demonstrating the hazards of relying on simple associations and highlighting the urgent need for researchers to utilize statistical methods capable of establishing cause and parsing effects across rival theoretical explanations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1248-1262
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Religion and Health
Volume56
Issue number4
Early online date2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Spirituality
Social Support
Regression Analysis
Individuality
Psychiatry
Personality
Apparition
Multivariate Analysis
Research Personnel
Demography
Psychology

Cite this

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title = "Spirit or fleeting apparition? Why spirituality's link with social support might be incrementally invalid",
abstract = "Previously published path models apparently confirm the belief-as-benefit perspective that spirituality boosts well-being via social support. The broad acceptance of such findings has motivated recommendations that clinical psychologists and psychiatrists routinely assess their patients' spiritual status. Skeptics retort that past findings are statistically confounded and that numinous beliefs and well-being are unrelated. A multivariate regression analysis testing whether spirituality explains variance in social support after personality traits are simultaneously included is reported. Although spirituality displays a significant positive correlation and partial correlation (after controlling for socio-demographics) with social support, regression analysis specifying agreeableness and conscientiousness'individual differences related to both spirituality and social support'as predictors renders spirituality nonsignificant. In summary, spirituality's correlation with social support appears spurious; demonstrating the hazards of relying on simple associations and highlighting the urgent need for researchers to utilize statistical methods capable of establishing cause and parsing effects across rival theoretical explanations.",
author = "James Schuurmans-Stekhoven",
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