Spiritual wellbeing of Iranian patients with acute coronary syndromes: A cross-sectional descriptive study

Ali Jahani, Nahid Rejeh, Majideh Heravi-Karimooi, Mojtaba Vaismoradi, Melanie Jasper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Spiritual wellbeing harmonises several dimensions of human life and is essential for coping with diseases. Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) cause crisis in physical, psychological aspects and spiritual dimensions of patients’ lives. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of spiritual wellbeing and its dimensions in patients with ACS. For this, a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted. For data collection, Paloutzian and Ellison’s Spiritual Wellbeing Self-report Questionnaire was filled in by 364 patients with ACS. Patients referred to the cardiac wards of five teaching hospitals in Tehran between August 2011 and April 2012 were recruited using the convenience sampling method. The data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings revealed that the majority of patients (97.9%) benefited from moderate spiritual wellbeing, although religious wellbeing was higher than existential wellbeing in the patients. It is concluded that nurses are required to improve their cultural and contextual knowledge of patients’ spiritual wellbeing to meet patients’ needs in nursing care. Spiritual beliefs can influence coping with diseases, help patients to find meaning and purpose in life to deal with problems resulting from physical and mental illnesses. These findings can be used to suggest the incorporation of religious aspects of spirituality into care programmes designed to improve the quality of life of patients with ACS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)518-527
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Research in Nursing
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2014
Externally publishedYes


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