Eutypa dieback (ED) and Botryosphaeria dieback (BD) are considered the two most important grapevine trunk diseases in Australia, causing significant yield reduction and threatening the sustainability of Australian vineyards. Spores of the causal pathogens are generally dispersed by rain splash and wind and infect pruning wounds resulting in cankers, dieback and eventually death of vines. Thus, understanding the spore dispersal patterns of these pathogens will help determine the critical times of the year when spores are abundant in Australian vineyards. This will assist growers in making decisions on optimal timing of pruning and wound treatment. This study investigated the spore dispersal patterns of ED (Diatrypaceae) and BD (Botryospha- eriaceae) pathogens in four wine growing regions in Australia. Burkard spore traps were deployed in South Australia (Barossa Valley and Coonawarra) and in New South Wales (Hunter Valley and Griffith) between 2014 and 2016. Spore trap tapes were collected and replaced monthly at each site and analysed for Diatrypaceae and Botryosphaeriaceae spores using qPCR assays. The 3-year study showed spore dispersal of ED and BD pathogens was sporadic and varied between regions, season and year. In South Australia, ED and BD spores were primarily detected in late winter and early spring while in New South Wales, a high number of spores were trapped over summer. Spores were generally recorded during or immediately after rain but not all rain events resulted in spore detection. The spore numbers and frequency of detection varied between years with the high- est number of spores being recorded in 2016, particularly for Diatrypaceae species. Additional spore traps were deployed in 2017 across Australian wine regions and will be monitored for a further 3 years. Computer modelling of data will also investigate the role of other weather factors (temperature, relative humidity, dew point, wind direction) on the detection of these spores.
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2019|
|Event||11th International Workshop on Grapevine Trunk Diseases - Penticton Lakeside Resort & Conference Centre, Penticton, Canada|
Duration: 07 Jul 2019 → 12 Jul 2019