Spore ornamentation of Minchinia occulta n. sp (Haplosporidia) in rock oysters Saccostrea cuccullata (Born, 1778)

B Bearham, Z Spiers, Shane Raidal, J.B. Jones, P.K. Nicholls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A Minchinia sp. (Haplosporidia: Haplosporidiidae) parasite was identified infecting rock oysters and morphologicallydescribed by Hine and Thorne (2002) using light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The parasitewas associated with up to 80% mortality in the host species and it is suspected that the parasite would be a majorimpediment to the development of a tropical rock oyster aquaculture industry in northern Western Australia. However,attempts to identify the parasite following the development of a specific probe for Haplosporidium nelsoni were unsuccessful.The SSU region of the parasite's rRNA gene was later characterized in our laboratory and an in situ hybridization assay forthe parasite was developed. This study names the parasite as Minchinia occulta n sp. and morphologically describes theparasite using histology, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The non-spore stages wereunusual in that they consisted primarily of uninucleate stages reminiscent of Bonamia spp. The parasite's spores were ovoidto circular shaped and measured 4.5 mm'5.0 mmr3.5'4.1 mm in size. The nucleus of the sporoplasm measured 1.5'2.3 mmand was centrally located. The spores were covered in a branching network of microtubule-like structures that may degradeas the spore matures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1271-1280
Number of pages10
JournalParasitology
Volume135
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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