Strategic top-down control versus attentional bias by previous reward history

Jennifer Lynn, Myoungju Shin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Rewards modify performance so that attentional priority is given to stimuli associated with a higher probability of reward. A stimulus associated with reward attracts attention even when it is no longer relevant. In this study, we explored whether or not strategic top-down control can be employed to overcome the attentional bias from a recent reward–stimulus association. Four groups of 12 participants completed a spatial-cueing task involving two phases, in which the cue associated with the target location changed from Phase 1 to Phase 2. Attentional-bias effects toward a previously rewarded cue were demonstrated when the rewarded cue from Phase 1 interfered with the orienting toward a nonrewarded but valid cue in Phase 2. Associating the Phase 2 cue with a higher reward than had been used in Phase 1 resulted in a rapid orientation of attention to the new cue. These findings suggest that pathologies characterized by maladaptive attentional biases (e.g., addiction) may be counteracted by treatments that manipulate motivation by enhancing the subjective relevance of rewards that are less harmful.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2207-2216
    Number of pages10
    JournalAttention, Perception, and Psychophysics
    Volume77
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015

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    Reward
    Cues
    reward
    History
    trend
    history
    stimulus
    pathology
    addiction
    Attentional Bias
    Top-down
    Motivation
    Pathology
    performance
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    Cite this

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    title = "Strategic top-down control versus attentional bias by previous reward history",
    abstract = "Rewards modify performance so that attentional priority is given to stimuli associated with a higher probability of reward. A stimulus associated with reward attracts attention even when it is no longer relevant. In this study, we explored whether or not strategic top-down control can be employed to overcome the attentional bias from a recent reward–stimulus association. Four groups of 12 participants completed a spatial-cueing task involving two phases, in which the cue associated with the target location changed from Phase 1 to Phase 2. Attentional-bias effects toward a previously rewarded cue were demonstrated when the rewarded cue from Phase 1 interfered with the orienting toward a nonrewarded but valid cue in Phase 2. Associating the Phase 2 cue with a higher reward than had been used in Phase 1 resulted in a rapid orientation of attention to the new cue. These findings suggest that pathologies characterized by maladaptive attentional biases (e.g., addiction) may be counteracted by treatments that manipulate motivation by enhancing the subjective relevance of rewards that are less harmful.",
    keywords = "Attention, Attentional-capture, Motivation, Reward-history",
    author = "Jennifer Lynn and Myoungju Shin",
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    language = "English",
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    Strategic top-down control versus attentional bias by previous reward history. / Lynn, Jennifer; Shin, Myoungju.

    In: Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, Vol. 77, No. 7, 06.2015, p. 2207-2216.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Strategic top-down control versus attentional bias by previous reward history

    AU - Lynn, Jennifer

    AU - Shin, Myoungju

    N1 - Includes bibliographical references.

    PY - 2015/6

    Y1 - 2015/6

    N2 - Rewards modify performance so that attentional priority is given to stimuli associated with a higher probability of reward. A stimulus associated with reward attracts attention even when it is no longer relevant. In this study, we explored whether or not strategic top-down control can be employed to overcome the attentional bias from a recent reward–stimulus association. Four groups of 12 participants completed a spatial-cueing task involving two phases, in which the cue associated with the target location changed from Phase 1 to Phase 2. Attentional-bias effects toward a previously rewarded cue were demonstrated when the rewarded cue from Phase 1 interfered with the orienting toward a nonrewarded but valid cue in Phase 2. Associating the Phase 2 cue with a higher reward than had been used in Phase 1 resulted in a rapid orientation of attention to the new cue. These findings suggest that pathologies characterized by maladaptive attentional biases (e.g., addiction) may be counteracted by treatments that manipulate motivation by enhancing the subjective relevance of rewards that are less harmful.

    AB - Rewards modify performance so that attentional priority is given to stimuli associated with a higher probability of reward. A stimulus associated with reward attracts attention even when it is no longer relevant. In this study, we explored whether or not strategic top-down control can be employed to overcome the attentional bias from a recent reward–stimulus association. Four groups of 12 participants completed a spatial-cueing task involving two phases, in which the cue associated with the target location changed from Phase 1 to Phase 2. Attentional-bias effects toward a previously rewarded cue were demonstrated when the rewarded cue from Phase 1 interfered with the orienting toward a nonrewarded but valid cue in Phase 2. Associating the Phase 2 cue with a higher reward than had been used in Phase 1 resulted in a rapid orientation of attention to the new cue. These findings suggest that pathologies characterized by maladaptive attentional biases (e.g., addiction) may be counteracted by treatments that manipulate motivation by enhancing the subjective relevance of rewards that are less harmful.

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    KW - Attentional-capture

    KW - Motivation

    KW - Reward-history

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    ER -