55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) is proposed for accurate segmentation of retinal blood vessels. This method plays a significant role in observing many eye diseases. A strided-CNN model is proposed for accurate segmentation of retinal vessels, especially the tiny vessels. The model is a fully convolutional model consisting of an encoder part and a decoder part where the pooling layers are replaced with strided convolutional layers. The strided convolutional layer approach was chosen over the pooling layers approach as the former can be trained. The morphological mappings along with the Principal Component Analysis (PCA)- based pre-processing steps are used to generate contrast images for training dataset. Skip connections are implemented to concatenate features from the encoder part and the decoder part to enhance the vessels segmentation especially the tiny vessels and to make the vessel’s edges sharper. We used a class balancing loss function to train and optimize the proposed model to improve vessel image quality. The impact of the proposed segmentation method is evaluated on four databases namely DRIVE, STARE, CHASE-DB1 and HRF. Overall model performance, particularly with respect to tiny vessels, is primarily influenced by sensitivity and accuracy metrics. We demonstrate that our model outperforms other models with a sensitivity of 0.87, 0.808, 0.886 and 0.829 on DRIVE, STARE, CHASE_DB1 and HRF respectively, along with respective accuracies of 0.956, 0.954, 0.976 and 0.962.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-52
Number of pages17
JournalExpert Systems with Applications
Volume134
Early online date24 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2019

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