Structural property of extractable proteins and polysaccharides in wheat bran following a dual-enzymatic pretreatment and corresponding functionality

Min Zhuang, Gaoheng Li, Xuanyu Wang, Sheng Ke, Anqi Wang, Zhongkai Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study applied dual-enzymatic treatment via alcalase and Bacillus velezensis hydrolase for enhancing extraction of proteins and polysaccharides from wheat bran and modifying their corresponding structure. Results indicated the aqueous extract by enzymatic pretreatment (referred as EHWB) had an increased content of soluble substance, in which 18.5 % increased for carbohydrates and 11.4 % increased for proteins in the extract compared to the aqueous extract without enzymes (labeled as AEWB). Furthermore, compositions with lower molecular weight of 130 kDa and < 21.1 kDa for polysaccharides and proteins, respectively, were found in EHWB. Interestingly, EHWB had a twice higher radicals scavenging than that of AEWB, and digestive property indicated EHWB had a greater peptides production although glucose release was lower in gastric phase. Importantly, this is the first study to reveal that gut microbiota fermentation of EHWB resulted in faster generation of short-chain fatty acids at initial fermentation stage (6 h), followed a higher generation of butyrate at final fermentation stage (24 h). This fermentation property might be associated with its presence of lower molecular weight substrates and even the changes in the molecular structure induced by the enzymes. This study highlights a novel approach for developing a value-added product from wheat bran.
Original languageEnglish
Article number128100
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume255
Early online dateNov 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

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