Supercritical CO2 Extraction of whole berry oil from sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides var.sp) fruit

Xiang Xu, Yanxiang Gao, Guangmin Liu, Yuanyuan Zheng, Jian Zhao

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The whole berry, pulp, and seed of sea buckthorn fruit were extracted with supercritical CO2 to produce edible oils. The effects of extraction pressure, temperature, and CO2 flow rate on the oil yield and extraction rate were investigated, and the fatty acid composition, tocopherol, and carotenoid contents of the oils were compared. The effects of extraction pressure, temperature, and CO2 flow rate on the oil yield and extraction rate were investigated, and the fatty acid composition, tocopherol, and carotenoid contents of the oils were compared. The results showed that the extraction rate was affected by pressure, temperature, and CO2 flow rate and, in general, the yield increased with a rise in any of the 3 variables. The results showed that the extraction rate was affected by pressure, temperature, and CO2 flow rate and, in general, the yield increased with a rise in any of the 3 variables. Fatty acids in the whole berry and pulp oil were dominated by monounsaturated fatty acids (>64%), followed by saturated fatty acids (about 30%). Fatty acids in the whole berry and pulp oil were dominated by monounsaturated fatty acids (> 64%), followed by saturated fatty acids (about 30%). In contrast, fatty acids in the seed oil consisted mainly of polyunsaturated (>60%) and monounsaturated fatty acids (>24%). In contrast, fatty acids in the seed oil consisted mainly of polyunsaturated (> 60%) and monounsaturated fatty acids (> 24%). The seed oil had a slightly higher content of tocopherols, but a much lower content of carotenoids, compared with the whole berry or pulp oil. The seed oil had a slightly higher content of tocopherols, but a much lower content of carotenoids, compared with the whole berry or pulp oil.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)470-474
Number of pages5
JournalFood Science and Biotechnology
Volume17
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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