Cu in wine can suppress sulfidic-odours, but the active forms and duration of protection are uncertain. Additions of 0, 0.3 or 0.6 mg/L Cu(II) were made to Chardonnay and Pinot Grigio at bottling. Throughout a 12- or 14-month storage period, Cu fractions were determined by colorimetry, and sulfhydryl compounds by gas chromatography with sulfur chemiluminescence detection. After Cu(II) addition, the dominant Cu fractions were associated with Cu(II)-organic acids (fraction I) and Cu(I)-thiol complexes (fraction II), and over 8-months their concentrations gradually fell below 0.015 mg/L. During this time, a fraction of Cu, predominantly attributed to sulfide-bound Cu, increased in concentration. Suppression of free hydrogen sulfide was assured when the combined Cu fractions I and II concentrations were above 0.015 mg/L, while free methanethiol suppression required Cu fraction I concentration above 0.035 mg/L. Decay rates for Cu fractions demonstrated that the duration that Cu can actively suppress sulfidic odours is wine-dependent.