Swarm intelligence based localization in wireless sensor networks

Junaid Akram, Arslan Javed, Sikander Khan, Awais Akram, Hafiz Suliman Munawar, Waqas Ahmad

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperConference paperpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) increasingly penetrate our everyday life and are already employed in a wide range of application areas, such as habitat monitoring, precision agriculture, home automation, and logistics. Localization of sensor nodes in a network is a highly desirable capability in all these applications. The ability to precisely determine the position of nodes in sensor networks enables many new upcoming technologies such as robotics, automated driving, traffic monitoring, or inventory management. For all these applications, different requirements regarding accuracy, reliability, and speed of position estimation are posed. WSNs is a field with many optimization problems that have to be addressed. Optimization of power consumption of nodes in WSNs is the main problem that have to be addressed. WSN node has a limited power backup so this makes it a very critical issue. This paper formulates the concern on how WSNs can take advantage of the computational intelligent techniques using multi-objective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO), with an overall aim of concurrently minimizing localization time, energy consumption during localization, and maximizing the number of nodes fully localized. The localization method optimized the power consumption during a Trilateration-based localization (TBL) procedure, through the adjustment of sensor nodes' output power levels. Finally, a parameter study of the applied PSO variant for WSN localization is performed, leading to results that display up to 32% better algorithmic improvements than the baseline outcomes in the measured objectives.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 36th Annual ACM Symposium on Applied Computing, SAC 2021
Place of PublicationNY, United States
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781450381048
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event36th Annual ACM Symposium on Applied Computing, SAC 2021 - Virtual, Gwangju, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 22 Mar 202126 Mar 2021
https://dl.acm.org/doi/proceedings/10.1145/3412841 (Proceedings)
https://www.sigapp.org/sac/sac2021/ (Conference website)
https://dl.acm.org/action/showFmPdf?doi=10.1145%2F3412841 (Proceedings front matter)

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ACM Symposium on Applied Computing


Conference36th Annual ACM Symposium on Applied Computing, SAC 2021
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of
OtherFor the past thirty-five years, the ACM Symposium on Applied Computing (SAC) has been a primary gathering forum for applied computer scientists, computer engineers, software engineers, and application developers from around the world. ACM SAC is structured in multiple technical tracks. Each track is devoted to a specific research area, and is coordinated by one or more Track Chair(s). The complete list of the technical tracks selected for the current edition of SAC can be found on the SAC 2021 website.
SAC 2021 is sponsored by the ACM Special Interest Group on Applied Computing (SIGAPP), is hosted by Chosun University and by Chonnam National University, Korea, and will be held in the Kimdaejung Convention Center, Gwangju, Korea.
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