Synthesis and biological activity of Sterol 14α-demethylase and Sterol C24-methyltransferase inhibitors

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sterol 14α-demethylase (SDM) is essential for sterol biosynthesis and is the primary molecular target for clinical and agricultural antifungals. SDM has been demonstrated to be a valid drug target for antiprotozoal therapies, and much research has been focused on using SDM inhibitors to treat neglected tropical diseases such as human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis. Sterol C24-methyltransferase (24-SMT) introduces the C24-methyl group of ergosterol and is an enzyme found in pathogenic fungi and protozoa but is absent from animals. This difference in sterol metabolism has the potential to be exploited in the development of selective drugs that specifically target 24-SMT of invasive fungi or protozoa without adversely affecting the human or animal host. The synthesis and biological activity of SDM and 24-SMT inhibitors are reviewed herein.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1753
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
JournalMolecules
Volume23
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jul 2018

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