Tactics against sexual harassment: The role of backfire

Gregory Quartly-Scott, Brian Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
356 Downloads (Pure)


To oppose sexual harassment, it is useful to understand tactics commonly used by perpetrators. A useful approach to tactics is through the concept of backfire: if an action is perceived as unjust and information about it is communicated to receptive audiences, it has the capacity to cause outrage and consequently backfire on the perpetrator. Perpetrators regularly use five types of tactics to inhibit outrage: (1) cover-up of the action; (2) devaluation of the target; (3) reinterpretation of the events; (4) use of official channels to give the appearance of justice; and (5) intimidation and bribery of targets, witnesses and others. These tactics are regularly used against targets of sexual harassment. The deployment of these tactics is illustrated through the case of Anita Hill, who in 1991 accused US Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas of sexual harassment. An analysis using the backfire framework offers guidance on effective ways of deterring and countering sexual harassment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-125
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of International Women's Studies
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006


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