Take one Hebrew lexicon, add fresh theology and mix well: The impact of theology on Hebrew-English lexicons

Research output: Book chapter/Published conference paperChapter (peer-reviewed)

Abstract

In spite of their reputation as authoritative, lexicons are products of their age, influenced by the same intellectual milieu as commentaries, sermons, and any other literary publications. Just as the attentive reader can identify the school of thought to which a writer belongs so too the attentive reader can identify what scholarship is influencing a lexicographer. This paper explores the impact of one aspect of scholarship on Hebrew-English lexicons, theology. Theology was chosen not only because it is a significant element in lexicons of Biblical languages, but also because it has a larger influence than most scholars who use these lexicons realize. This paper, not only demonstrates the impact of theology on Hebrew-English lexicons, it also helps the reader recognize that influence in the lexicons of four specific lexicographersâ''Parkhurst, Levi, Leo, and Leeâ''of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The paper challenges both the users of lexicons and the writers of lexicons to be critically aware of cultural influences on the content of lexicons.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationReflections on Lexicography
Subtitle of host publicationExplorations in Ancient Syriac, Hebrew, and Greek Sources
EditorsRichard A. Taylor, Craig E. Morrison
Place of PublicationPiscataway, NJ
PublisherGorgias Press
Chapter12
Pages147-210
Number of pages64
ISBN (Print)9781463202293
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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    Craig, M-L. (2014). Take one Hebrew lexicon, add fresh theology and mix well: The impact of theology on Hebrew-English lexicons. In R. A. Taylor, & C. E. Morrison (Eds.), Reflections on Lexicography: Explorations in Ancient Syriac, Hebrew, and Greek Sources (pp. 147-210). Gorgias Press.