In spite of their reputation as authoritative, lexicons are products of their age, influenced by the same intellectual milieu as commentaries, sermons, and any other literary publications. Just as the attentive reader can identify the school of thought to which a writer belongs so too the attentive reader can identify what scholarship is influencing a lexicographer. This paper explores the impact of one aspect of scholarship on Hebrew-English lexicons, theology. Theology was chosen not only because it is a significant element in lexicons of Biblical languages, but also because it has a larger influence than most scholars who use these lexicons realize. This paper, not only demonstrates the impact of theology on Hebrew-English lexicons, it also helps the reader recognize that influence in the lexicons of four specific lexicographersÃ¢''Parkhurst, Levi, Leo, and LeeÃ¢''of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The paper challenges both the users of lexicons and the writers of lexicons to be critically aware of cultural influences on the content of lexicons.
|Title of host publication||Reflections on Lexicography|
|Subtitle of host publication||Explorations in Ancient Syriac, Hebrew, and Greek Sources|
|Editors||Richard A. Taylor, Craig E. Morrison|
|Place of Publication||Piscataway, NJ|
|Number of pages||64|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
Craig, M-L. (2014). Take one Hebrew lexicon, add fresh theology and mix well: The impact of theology on Hebrew-English lexicons. In R. A. Taylor, & C. E. Morrison (Eds.), Reflections on Lexicography: Explorations in Ancient Syriac, Hebrew, and Greek Sources (pp. 147-210). Gorgias Press.