Temporomandibular Disorder symptoms and their association with anxiety and depression among university students

Rahena Akhter, Ariane Murray, Nur Hassan, James Wickham

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Abstract

orders (TMD). 145 Bachelor of Dental Science students (Year 1-Year 4; 40% male and 60% female) at Charles Sturt University (CSU) were participated in the study. Each participant completed questionnaires on the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS), the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD), the Tampa scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK) and the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS). Statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS version 22.0. A total of 46% students reported symptoms of TMD. Among them, 59 (40.7%) students reported presence of jaw click, 54 (37.2%) reported presence of joint pain and 26 (17.9%) reported difficulty in opening mouth. Results indicated that students who reported jaw pain (p=.004) or difficulty in opening mouth (p=.016) experienced headache symptoms. Students who reported the TMD symptoms of jaw click (69.5%), jaw pain (63%) and difficulty in opening (61.5%) were all female students. Female students experiencing jaw click was found to be significant (p =.000). Students who reported a high DASS score (indicating depression and anxiety) are significantly correlated with self-assessed TMD symptoms (jaw click, p=.054; jaw pain, p=.002 and difficulty upon opening, p=.028, respectively). This study found a significant correlation between the presence of anxiety and depression among university students and its subsequent impact
Original languageEnglish
Article number 555788
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalAdvances in Dentistry & Oral Health
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2019

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